Anna Marhold is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Public Law and the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies at Leiden University. Her specialization is international economic law, with a particular focus on international trade law at the intersection of energy and environmental regulation.
Education and Career
Anna Marhold obtained her PhD in Law at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence (2016). In 2015, she was a Marie Curie Early Stage Research Fellow at the Graduate Institute in Geneva, Switzerland, in the framework of DISSETTLE (Dispute Settlement in Trade: Training in Law and Economics). In 2013-2014, Anna was a recipient of the EU-US Fulbright-Schuman Grant and a visiting scholar at NYU School of Law, USA. She is a graduate in Law (LLB, LLM), specializing in international trade and investment law, and in Russian (BA, MA) from the University of Amsterdam (UvA). Prior to joining Leiden in 2019, Anna was Assistant Professor at the Tilburg Law and Economics Centre (TILEC). She speaks Dutch, English, Czech and Russian.
Anna has published widely in the field of international economic, trade and energy law and EU external trade relations. Her forthcoming monograph titled Energy in International Trade: Concepts, Regulation and Changing Markets (Cambridge University Press) examines energy regulation in international trade law against the backdrop of energy markets that have radically changed over the past decades.
Research Areas and Interests
Anna Marhold is particularly interested in International and European energy policy and its interaction with World Trade Organization (WTO) obligations; energy and environmental regulation in Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs); the future of the Energy Charter Treaty; the OPEC cartel; law and economics approaches to energy and environmental law; access to supplies and natural resources; squaring energy security with sustainable development; regulation of the transit of energy; the Energy Community Treaty and European external relations, particularly with the European Neighborhood
At Leiden, Anna Marhold teaches Public International Law-related subjects on both Bachelor’s and Master’s level.
Anna is also a Visiting Adjunct Professor at Vermont Law School (USA), where she teaches on global and comparative energy and environmental law, and a recurring guest lecturer in WTO law at the Clingendael Netherlands Institute of International Relations.
- Guest Lecturer
- Visiting Adjunct Professor