Universiteit Leiden

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Research project

Flexibilization, globalisation and technological change: consequences for labour markets and social security.

This research project is funded by a subsidy from Instituut Gak.

Contact
Olaf van Vliet

Advanced economies experience strong growth in the number of people working in non-standard forms of employment, including flexible, temporary and self-employed work. This trend is boosted through the upsurge of the gig economy. This rise of this non-standard employment has important consequences for society. Several reports point to a possible dichotomy on the labour market, with well-protected and well-educated insiders with a permanent contract on the one hand and low educated outsiders with limited social protection on the other. In this project, we analyse the causes and consequences of labour market flexibilization, focusing on three research questions:

1) To what extent are globalization, technological change and institutional characteristics related to the increase in the share of non-standard employment?

2) To what extent are wage differentials caused by labour market flexibilization, and what are mediating factors in this relationship?

3) How does labour market flexibilization affect public support for different forms of social security?

We analyse these questions through internationally comparative research on OECD countries, and combine administrative data, survey data and indicators of labour market policy and social policy.

Portret Prof. dr. Olaf van Vliet
Prof. dr. Olaf van Vliet

Olaf van Vliet is Professor of Comparative Welfare State Analysis at the Department of Economics and at the Institute of Public Administration, Leiden University. He conducts research and teaches in the areas of labour economics and political economy. Thereby, his focus is on welfare state reform, flexibilization of the labour market, the effects of globalization and technological change, labour migration, and income inequality.

 

 

 

 

Portret Dr. Ron Diris
Dr. Ron Diris

Ron Diris is Post-doctoral researcher/Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics of Leiden University. He conducts research in the areas of education and labour economics. An important part of this research focuses on the importance of cognitive and non-cognitive skills for education and the labour market, how these skills can be measured and how they can be fostered. Additionally, he conducts research on the relation between social policy and income inequality, with a focus on labour market flexibilization.

 

 

 

 

 

Portret Lars van Doorn, MSc
Lars van Doorn, MSc

Lars van Doorn is PhD candidate at the Department of Economics of Leiden University. His master thesis examined whether the effect of globalization on welfare state spending is mediated by a welfare programme’s institutional structure. His research interests include the effects of globalisation and technological change on the labour market, and the political consequences that are associated with these trends.

 

Past events

  • ‘The post-Covid-19 labour market’, Seminars series Reform of social Policy, Universiteit Leiden, 24 June 2020, online.
  • ’Flexibilisation, globalisation and technological change: consequences for labour markets and social security, Seminar for advisory commission, 25 November 2020, online.
  • Yearly meeting ‘Onderzoek en Beleid’, Instituut Gak, 7 December 2020.

Publications

  • Van Vliet, O., Bakker, V., and Van Doorn, L. (2020) From social protection to social investment: European responses to globalisation, technological change, labour market flexibilisation and migration. In: R. Strauss en G. Fischer (eds.) Wealth, income, wellbeing and inequality in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
  • Van Vliet, O. and Van Doorn, L. (2021) Baanpolarisatie en flexibilisering op de Europese arbeidsmarkt: Beleidsimplicaties voor Nederland, in: E.M.H. Hirsch Ballin, A.P.C.M. Jaspers, J.A. Knottnerus and H. Vinke (eds.) De toekomst van de sociale zekerheid: De menselijke maat in een solidaire samenleving. Den Haag: Boom juridisch, pp. 287-304. pdf
  • Platform de Toekomst van Arbeid (2020) Investeren in mensen. Bouwstenen van een regeerakkoord over werken, leren en verzekeren. Policy report. Amsterdam. link
  • Bennaars, H., and Van Vliet, O. (2020) COVID-19 en de arbeidsmarkt: pas op voor de groef!, Tijdschrift voor Arbeidsrecht in Context 9(2): 63-64. link
  • Van Vliet, O. (2019) Globalisering, migratie en technologische vooruitgang: gevolgen voor arbeidsmarkt en sociale zekerheid, Inaugural lecture. Leiden: Universiteit Leiden. link

Speeches and presentations

  • R. Diris, Presentation “Flexibilisering, beloningsverschillen en menselijk kapitaal”, Seminar for advisory commission, 25 November 2020, online.
  • R. Diris, Presentation “The post-Covid-19 labour market: schooling and skills”, seminar “The post-Covid-19 labour market”, Seminar series Reform of Social Policy, Universiteit Leiden, 24 June 2020, online.
  • L. van Doorn, Presentation “Polarisatie en flexibilisering van de arbeidsmarkt”, Seminar for advisory commission, 25 November 2020, online.
  • L. van Doorn, Presentation of paper ‘An empirical examination of the relationship between job polarisation and non-standard employment’, 2020 SASE Conference (Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics), 19 July 2020, online.
  • O. van Vliet, Presentation “Flexibilisering, globalisering en technologische vooruitgang: gevolgen voor arbeidsmarkt en sociale zekerheid”, Seminar for advisory commission, 25 november 2020, online.
  • O. van Vliet, Speech “Flexibilisering van de Arbeidsmarkt”, lecture series Studium Generale Universiteit Leiden, Leiden, 19 November 2020.
  • O. van Vliet, Speaker during Expertforum of National Thinktank 2020, “Welzijn, welvaart en regie voor middengroepen”, Haarlem, 8 October 2020.
  • O. van Vliet, Speech “Citizenship, Migration and Global Transformations”, Symposium Universiteit Leiden, 6 October 2020.
  • O. van Vliet, guest in podcast “Miljoenennota 2021”. Podcast ‘Leidse Arbeidsvitaminen’, Episode 8 ‘De Miljoennotaman’, Leiden, 16 September 2020.
  • O. van Vliet, Speech “Veranderingen in het midden van de arbeidsmarkt en gevolgen voor sociaaleconomisch beleid”, Nationale DenkTank, Driebergen, 20 August 2020.
  • O. van Vliet, Webinar ‘Olaf van Vliet in gesprek met Ruben Houweling – Een tweegesprek over nieuwe sociale zekerheid: wendbaar, toekomstbestendig en meer virusproof!’ Virtual NGSZ-Café. Nederlands Genootschap Sociale Zekerheid, Barendrecht, 25 June 2020.
  • O. van Vliet, Discussant of H. Bennaars, “The post-Covid-19 labour market: supply, demand and allocation” during the seminar “The post-Covid-19 labour market”, Seminar series Reform of Social Policy, Universiteit Leiden, 24 June 2020, online.
  • O. van Vliet, Speech “Werk en Economie” as part of “Meet the Professor”, basisschool De Oranjerie, Zoetermeer, 8 February 2020.
  • O. van Vliet, Participation in Expert meeting “Contracting en andere driehoeksrelaties”, Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, Amsterdam, 16 January 2020.
  • O. van Vliet, “Flexibilisering arbeidsmarkt, flexibilisering onderwijs: Leven Lang Leren in Leiden”, Speech for ‘Denktank Flexibilisering’, Universiteit Leiden, 16 January 2020.
  • O. van Vliet, Speech “Social protection in Europe: Developments, challenges and lessons”, Shanghai University of Finance & Economics, Shanghai, 7 December 2019.
  • O. van Vliet, Workshop “Ontdek Wetenschap” during ‘De Nacht van Ontdekkingen’, Leiden, 21 September 2019.
  • O. van Vliet, Inaugural lecture “Globalisering, migratie en technologische vooruitgang: gevolgen voor arbeidsmarkt en sociale zekerheid”. Leiden, 7 June 2019.

Workshops and seminars

  • L. van Doorn, Organisation and moderator of seminar “The post-Covid-19 labour market”, Seminar series Reform of Social Policy, Universiteit Leiden, 24 June 2020, online.
  • O. van Vliet, Chairman  of Panel “Political Economy” during conference “New Paper Sessions” of the Koninklijke Vereniging voor de Staathuishoudkunde, 17 June 2020, online.
  • O. van Vliet, Organisation and moderator for the seminar ‘Good jobs for all – De nieuwe OECD Jobs Strategy (Stefan Thewissen, OECD)’, Nederlands Genootschap Sociale Zekerheid in cooperiation with Ministery of Social Affairs and Employment, The Hague, 11 September 2019.
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