Professor Air and Space Law
Prof. dr. S.J. (Steven) Truxal is Professor of Air and Space Law; Director, International Institute of Air and Space Law.
Steven Truxal holds a BA in International Affairs with concentrations in international law and economics from The George Washington University in Washington DC, an LLM in International Commercial Law with focus on international transport and a PhD in Air Law from the University of Westminster in London.
Truxal has a track record of research excellence in air law. His PhD dissertation was later published as Competition and Regulation in the Airline Industry: Puppets in Chaos (Routledge 2012). Truxal’s second monograph is entitled Economic and Environmental Regulation of International Aviation: From Inter-National to Global Governance (Routledge 2017).
Truxal joined Leiden from The City Law School, University of London, where he was Reader in Air Law and Associate Dean (International). Previously, he served as Visiting Professor of Law and Dean of Studies at the Centre for British Studies, Humboldt University in Berlin. Truxal has also spent time as visiting researcher at the McGill Institute of Air and Space Law in Montreal.
Prior to his academic career, Truxal gained experience through working in the aviation industry with Deutsche Lufthansa AG and in government administration at the U.S. Department of Commerce.
- Truxal S.J. (6 April 2020), COVID-19 airport slot rules: what’s changed and what’s next for European airlines?. LSE – British Politics and Policy. London: London School of Economics [blog entry].
- Truxal S.J. (2020), Agents and agency in the face of austerity and Brexit uncertainty: the case of legal aid. In: Guderjan, M.; Mackay, H.; Stedman, G. (Eds.) Contested Britain: Brexit, Austerity and Agency. Bristol: Policy Press-Bristol University Press. 73-86.
- Truxal S.J. (2020), State Aid and Air Transport in the Shadow of COVID-19, Air & Space Law 45(special issue): 61-82.
- Truxal S.J. (2019), Airspace Sovereignty in the Chicago Regime: A Reality Check. In: Mendes de Leon, P.; Buissing, N. (Eds.) Behind and Beyond the Chicago Convention: The Evolution of Aerial Sovereignty. Aerospace law and policy series no. 16 Deventer: Wolters Kluwer. 291-303.
- Truxal S.J. (2018), Mergers, acquisitions and “fair” competition in the airline industry. In: Dynia, E.; Marcisz-Dynia, A. (Eds.) Prawne i techniczne aspekty wykorzystania przestrzeni powietrznej i kosmicznej. Rzeszow: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski. 122-129.
- Truxal S.J. (2017), Air Carrier Liability and Air Passenger Rights: A Game of Tug of War?, Journal of International and Comparative Law 4(1): 103-122.
- Truxal S.J. (2017), Economic and Environmental Regulation of International Aviation: From Inter-national to Global Governance Routledge Research in International Commercial Law. London: Routledge.
- Truxal S.J. (4 November 2015), Distance Learning: LLM International Business Law. Educational Vignettes. London: City University London [blog entry].
- Truxal S.J. (2014), Consumer protections and limited liability: Global order for air transport?, Journal of International and Comparative Law 1(1): 133-140.
- Truxal S.J. (2014), Encouraging student participation with formative assessment and engagement in grading criteria: hybrid peer/self-assessment activity, Learning at City Journal 4(2): 18-24.
- Truxal S.J. (2014), Risk of abuse of dominance in airport slots for "better" European airports?, European Competition Law Review 35(6): 299-309.
- Truxal S.J. & Harris S. (2013), Airfreight: regulatory environment encourages or imposes price co-ordination?, Journal of Air Law and Commerce 78(3): 541-582.
- Truxal S.J. (2012), Competition and Regulation in the Airline Industry: Puppets in Chaos Routledge Research in Competition Law. London: Routledge.
- Truxal S.J. & Dunbar R. (2012), Evaluating Three Levels of Environmental Taxation in Aviation: Global limitation, EU determination and UK self-interest. In: Yábar Sterling, A. [et al.] (Ed.) Market instruments and sustainable economy. Madrid: Ministerio de Hacienda y Administraciones Públicas-Instituto de Estudios Fiscales. 275-289.
- Truxal S.J. (2011), The ICAO Assembly Resolutions on International Aviation and Climate Change: An Historic Agreement, a Breakthrough Deal, and the Cancun Effect, Air & Space Law 36(3): 217-242.
- Truxal S.J. (2010), At the sidelines of implementing the EU ETS: objections to ‘validity’, International Trade Law and Regulation 16(4): 28-36.
- Truxal S.J. (2008), Competitive distortions, carbon emissions efficiencies or the green ultimatum?, International Trade Law and Regulation 14(4): 77-79.
- Truxal S.J. (2008), EU transport emissions compliance catch-up, International Trade Law and Regulation 14(6): 117-121.