Michiel van Groesen
Professor of Maritime History
The chair in Maritime History, first established at Leiden’s Institute for History in 1978, is partly endowed by the Samenwerkende Maritieme Fondsen. In close cooperation with maritime heritage institutions in the Netherlands, most importantly Het Scheepvaartmuseum in Amsterdam and the Maritime Museum Rotterdam, scholars in Leiden challenge students to ask new questions and find new answers for global and local developments in maritime history. For more information about the MA-programme in Maritime History, click here.
My interest in maritime history is embedded in the culture of the Dutch Golden Age and the Atlantic world. Broadly speaking my research is interdisciplinary in nature, focusing on the culture of imperial expansion and the politics of global interactions. My current NWO-Vidi project 'Covering the Ocean' explores the circulation of transatlantic news in the early modern Low Countries - north and south - by means of an analysis of early printed newspapers and related media (c. 1580-1820).
In prior research I examined early modern printed travel accounts, more specifically the monumental De Bry collection of voyages that disseminated very influential textual and visual images of the non-European world. I argued that the De Brys manipulated the original accounts for a confessionally divided readership. The German editions were aimed at a Protestant audience, the Latin translations were sold in Catholic Europe. Both versions - despite their differences - helped to legitimate European colonialism in the next two centuries.
Since then I have worked on the rise and fall of Dutch Brazil as seen through the eyes of the Amsterdam print media. In 2014 I edited a volume of essays entitled The Legacy of Dutch Brazil (Cambridge), which discusses the impact the short-lived colony had on the Atlantic world from the seventeenth century until today. My second book, Amsterdam's Atlantic, came out with Penn Press in 2017. Using newspapers, prints, maps, paintings, pamphlets, and diaries, I demonstrate that Dutch Brazil transformed (and was transformed by) the early modern media landscape at home, and marked the emergence of a 'public' Atlantic world.
2019 Visiting Fellow, Princeton University
2013 Queen Wilhelmina Visiting Professor, Columbia University in New York
2011 Honorary Research Fellow, Birkbeck, University of London
2008 - 2015 Assistant/Associate Professor of Early Modern History, University of Amsterdam
2008 - 2012 NWO-Veni Research Fellow