Universiteit Leiden

nl en

Margaretha Folmer

University Lecturer

Name
Dr. M.L. Folmer
Telephone
+31 71 527 2513
E-mail
m.l.folmer@hum.leidenuniv.nl

Fields of interest

Imperial Aramaic; Targumic literature; Biblical literature; Qumran Aramaic and Dead Sea Scrolls; Rabbinic Literature; History of Aramaic and Hebrew language; Languages in contact; Bilingualism; Comparative Semitics; Hebrew and Aramaic magical literature.

Research

Description of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic Description: The aim of this project is to provide for a detailed linguistic description of the Palestinian Aramaic language from the period of Middle Aramaic and the period of Late Aramaic. This description will be based on the inscriptional material, which has increased enormously since the publication of Dalman's grammar in 1905 (G. Dalman, Grammatik des jüdisch-palestinischen Aramäisch, Leipzig 1905). With their variety in place, date of origin and textual genre these inscriptions allow for a linguistic investigation of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic in its Apure form, without later textual revisions and errors which are inherent to texts with a long textual history.

CV

2006-2007 Teacher of Talmudic Aramaic, Levisson Institute, Amsterdam (Academy for Progressive Jewish Rabbis).

1998 - Lecturer of Aramaic, Dept. of Hebrew and Aramaic, Universiteit Leiden

1991- Teacher of Hebrew, Faculty of Theology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam,

1991-1992 Teacher of Hebrew, Dept. of Hebrew and Aramaic, Rijksuniversiteit Leiden

1995 Defence of doctoral dissertation “The Aramaic Language in the Achaemenid Period. A Study in Linguistic Variation (promotor: Prof. dr. J. Hoftijzer). Universiteit Leiden, September 2005.

1987-1995 Ph.D. student, Rijksuniversiteit Leiden.

1984-1985 Studies at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem

1977-1986 Student of Semitic Languages (Major: Hebrew, minor: Arabic; Comparative Semitic Languages; Cultural Anthropology), Rijksuniversiteit Leiden (MA degree: May 1986).

1971-1977 Gymnasium Haganum, The Hague.

Key publications

  • Folmer, M.L. (2001). The use of morphological features to distinguish Aramaic dialects The case of the pronominal suffix sing.3rd masc. in Jewish Palestinian Aramaic. Dutch Studies (Leiden) (Rugtitel: DS-NELL), IV(2), pp. 175-188.
  • Folmer, M.L. (2003). Some Peculiarities in the Spelling of the Aramaic Bar Kochba Letters in Comparison with Contemporary Aramaic Documents from the Judean Desert Caves. Dutch Studies (Leiden) (Rugtitel: DS-NELL), 1(2), pp. 59-74.
  • Folmer, M.L. (2003). Methatesis in Jewish Aramaic: A So-Called 'Pan-Semitic' Feature Recondsidered. In Baasten, M.F.J. & Peursen, W.Th. van (Ed.), Hamlet on a Hill. Semitic and Greek Studies Presented to Professor T. Muraoka on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birhday. (pp. 233-244). Leuven: Peeters.
  • Folmer, M.L. (2004). Response to Paul Flesher, 'The Aramaic Dialect of the James Ossuary Inscription'. Aramaic Studies, 2(1), pp. 56-62.
  • Verheij, A.J.C. & Folmer, M.L. (2004). Basisgrammatica van het bijbels Hebreeuws. Oefenboek. Delft: Eburon, 73 pp.
  • Folmer, M.L. (2003). Officiele Aramese correspondenties uit de satrapie Egypte. In Demaree, R.J. & Veenhof, K.R. (Ed.), Zij schreven geschiedenis. Historische documenten uit het Oude Nabije Oosten (2500 - 100 v. Chr.). (pp. 387-397). Leiden/Leuven: Ex Oriente Lux/Peeters.

Teaching

Current: Imperial Aramaic; Biblical Aramaic; Qumran Aramaic; Targumic Aramaic; Jewish Palestinian Aramaic; Jewish Babylonian Aramaic; Northwest Semitic epigraphy; Cultural History of Aramaic

Past: Biblical Hebrew Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam: Biblical Hebrew (current) and Modern Hebrew (in the past)

  • Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
  • Leiden Univ Centre for Linguistics
  • LUCL Taalwetenschap

Work address

Matthias de Vrieshof
Matthias de Vrieshof 4
2311 BZ Leiden
Room number 2.03b

Contact

University Lecturer

  • Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
  • Leiden Institute for Area Studies
  • SMES Hebreeuws en Aramees

Work address

Matthias de Vrieshof
Matthias de Vrieshof 4
2311 BZ Leiden
Room number 2.03b

Contact

  • Folmer M.L. (2017), Bactria and Egypt. Administration as Mirrored by the Aramaic Sources. In: Jacobs B., Henkelman W.F.M., Stolper M.W. (Eds.) Die Verwaltung im Achämenidenreich - Imperiale Muster und Strukturen / Administration in the Achaemenid Empire - Tracing the Imperial Signature. Akten des 6. Internationalen Kolloquiums zum Thema »Vorderasien im Spannungsfeld klassischer und altorientalischer Überlieferungen« aus Anlass der 80-Jahr-Feier der Entdeckung des Festungsarchivs von Persepolis, Landgut Castelen bei Basel, 14.-17. Mai 2013. no. Classica et Orientalia 17 Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag. 413-454.conference paper
  • Folmer M.L. (2017), De Achikar-traditie, Wijsheid. Amsterdamse Cahiers voor Exegese van de Bijbel en zijn Tradities 31: 73-83.article in journal
  • Folmer M.L. (2017), Eastern Aramaic direct object marking in Targum Onqelos and Targum Jonathan [North Atlantic Conference for Afro-Asiatic Linguistics, Leiden, June 9-11 2017] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2017), Het gebruik van de nota objecti in joodsaramese bijbelvertalingen [Societas Hebraica Amselodamensis, 19 januari 2017] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2017), Hi Aḥuṭab: ostraca from Elephantine with letters in Aramaic (5th c. BCE and beyond) [International conference Using Ostraca in the Ancient World: New Discoveries and Methodologies, Heidelberg 12-14 October 2017] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2017), Huwelijk en scheiding in joodse magische bronnen [Studiedag Vereniging Hebreeuws, 14 December 2017 Amsterdam, PThU] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2017), The eastern Aramaic infinitive form in TO and TJ [Aramaic – Linguistic Diversity across Three Millennia, Philipps University, Marburg, September 25-26 2017] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2016), Aramaic Letters on leather from Ancient Bactria [Beyond Papyri: The Materiality of Ancient Texts, Leiden, 27-29 oktober 2016] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2016), Eastern Aramaic Direct Object Marking in Targum Onqelos and Targum Jonathan [IOSOT/IOTS, Stellenbosch, 4-9 september 2016] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. & Verhasselt R. (2016), Het bezoek van de Koningin van Seba aan koning Salomo in jodendom, christendom en islam [Studiedag Vereniging Hebreeuws 23 november 2016, Catharijne Convent Utrecht] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2016), On Marrying and Divorcing a Demon: Marriage and Divorce Themes in the Jewish, Christian and Pagan World. In: Houtman A., Kadari T., Poorthuis M., Tohar V. (Eds.) Religious Stories in Transformation: Conflict, Revision and Reception. Jewish Christian Perspectives no. 31 Leiden/Boston: Brill. 275-299.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2016), Paleographic Aspects of the Aramaic Akhvamazda letter from Ancient Bactria (4th c. BCE) [Paleography in Context – Aramaic scripts from the Ancient Near East, Leiden 13 oktober 2016] (Lecture).other
  • Henkelman W.F.M. & Folmer M.L. (2016), Your Tally is Full! On Wooden Credit Records in and after the Achaemenid Empire. In: Kleber K., Pirngruber R. (Eds.) Silver, Money and Credit: A Tribute to Robartus J. van der Spek on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday on 18th September 2014.. no. 128 Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten. 133-239.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2015), Bijbel en Magie [Ex Oriente Lux, Leuven 11 maart 2015] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2015), Hoe trouw je met een demon en hoe kom je er weer vanaf: over huwelijken en scheidingen tussen mensen en demonen in verhalen in het Jodendom vanaf de Late Oudheid [Lezing t.g.v. 40-jarig jubileum Studievereniging Pleyte Leiden, 6 juni 2015] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2015), On Marrying and Divorcing a Demon: Marriage and Divorce Themes in Jewish Demon Tales, with Parallels from Other Traditions [Jewish and Christian Perspectives: Stories and Traditions in Transformation, Amsterdam, 31 mei – 3 juni 2015] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2014), Demonstrative Pronouns in Aramaic: New Information from the Aramaic Documents from Bactria (4th c. B.C.E.) [North American Conference on Afroasiatic Linguistics, Leiden, februari 2014] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2014), Joodse magie in de late oudheid [Studievereniging Pleyte, 31 mei 2014] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2014), Magische schalen in het Joods Babylonisch Aramees [Studievereniging Sababa, 6 mei 2014] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2014), The Translation of Biblical Hebrew Clauses with כְּ / ב + Construct Infinitive in Targum Onqelos, Aramaic Studies 11(2): 113-144.article in journal
  • Folmer M.L. (2014), Translation of the Biblical Hebrew Infinitive Absolute in Targum Onqelos to the Pentateuch. [15th Meeting of Afroasiatic Linguistics, Rome, 17-19 september 2014] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2013), De nieuwe 'Lettinga Review of: Lettinga J.P., Baasten M.F.J., Peursen W.Th van (2012) Grammatica van het Bijbels Hebreeuws; Leerboek van het Bijbels Hebreeuws, Alef Beet : tijdschrift van de Vereniging tot Bevordering van de Kennis van Hebreeuws 23(1): 39-46.book review
  • Folmer M.L. (2013), Het belang van de Dode Zee Rollen voor het vroege jodendom [Studiedag Qumran, 1 oktober 2013, RMO Leiden] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2013), Rare Demonstrative Pronouns in Targum Onqelos. In: Botta A.F. (Ed.) In the Shadow of Bezalel. Aramaic, Biblical and Ancient Studies in Honor of Bezalel Porten. Leiden / Boston: Brill. 89-124.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2013), The Administration of the Achaemenid Empire. [The Administration of the Achaemenid Empire: Imperial Networks and Structures, Basel, mei 2013] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2013), The Contribution of Elephantine to the Study of Aramaic [Society of Biblical Literature; special sessions on Elephantine, in honor of Prof. Porten, prof. em. Hebrew University Jerusalem, St. Andrews, juli 2013] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2013), The Translation of Biblical Hebrew Clauses with ב / כ + Construct Infinitive in Targum Onqelos [IOSOT / International Organisation for Targumic Studies, München, augustus 2013] (Lecture).other
  • Folmer M.L. (2012), In Memoriam Jaap Hoftijzer, Alef Beet : tijdschrift van de Vereniging tot Bevordering van de Kennis van Hebreeuws 22(1): 3-7.article in journal
  • Folmer M.L. (2012), Old and Imperial Aramaic. In: Gzella H (Ed.) Languages from the World of the Bible. Boston/Berlin: De Gruyter. 128-159.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2011), A Jewish Childbirth Amulet from the Bibliotheca Rosenthaliana. In: Van Peursen W.Th., Dyk J.W. (Eds.) Tradition and Innovation in Biblical Interpretation. Leiden: Brill. 223-241.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2011), Imperial Aramaic as Administrative Language of the Achaemenid Period. In: Streck M.P., Weninger S., Khan G., Watson J.C.E. (Eds.) The Semitic Languages: An International Handbook. Berlin / New York: De Gruyter Mouton. 587-598.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2010), kena:t "Genosse". In: Gzella H (Ed.) Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Alten Testament. Aramäisches Wörterbuch. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2010), ktb "schreiben". In: Gzella H (Ed.) Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Alten Testament. Aramäisches Wörterbuch.. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2010), leHena: "Dienerin". In: Gzella H. (Ed.) Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Alten Testament. Aramäisches Wörterbuch. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2010), ma:'n "Gefäss". In: Gzella H (Ed.) Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Alten Testament. Aramäisches Wörterbuch. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2010), melaH "Salz". In: Gzella H. (Ed.) Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Alten Testament. Aramäisches Wörterbuch. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2010), nehar "Fluss". In: Gzella H. (Ed.) Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Alten Testament. Aramäisches Wörterbuch. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2010), The importance of syntactic studies in determining the dialectal affinity of Targum Onqelos, exemplified by the case of the nota objecti.. In: Rapoport-Albert A. (Ed.). London.conference paper
  • Folmer M.L. (2010), Tjb "gut sein". In: Gzella H. (Ed.) Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Alten Testament. Aramäisches Wörterbuch. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2009), Alt- und Reichsaramäisch. In: Gzella H (Ed.) Sprachen aus der Welt des Alten Testaments. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. 104-131.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (2009), Aramaic Inscriptions in Egypt. In: Azab Kh., Mansour A. (Eds.) Journey of Writing in Egypt. Alexandria: Bibliotheca Alexandrina. 114-123.book chapter
  • Gzella H. & Folmer M.L. (Eds.) (2008), Aramaic in its Historical and Linguistic Setting. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.editorship of book
  • Folmer M.L. (2008), The Use and Form of the nota objecti in Jewish Palestinian Aramaic Inscriptions. In: Gzella H., Folmer M.L. (Eds.) Aramaic in its Historical and Linguistic Setting. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. 131-158.conference paper
  • Folmer M.L. (2007), A Jewish Childbirth Amulet for a Girl. In: Bassten M.F.J., Munk R. (Eds.) Studies in Hebrew Language and Jewish Culture. Dordrecht: Springer. 41-56.conference paper
  • Folmer M.L. (2007), Hebreeuwse kraamkameramuletten uit de collectie van de Bibliotheca Rosenthaliani, Alef Beet : tijdschrift van de Vereniging tot Bevordering van de Kennis van Hebreeuws 17(2): 3-16.article in journal
  • Verheij A.J.C. & Folmer M.L. (2004), Basisgrammatica van het bijbels Hebreeuws. Oefenboek. Delft: Eburon.book
  • Folmer M.L. (2004), Response to Paul Flesher, 'The Aramaic Dialect of the James Ossuary Inscription', Aramaic Studies 2(1): 56-62.article in journal
  • Folmer M.L. (2004), Review Review of: Muffs Y. (2003) Studies in the Aramaic Legal Papyri form Elephantine (with a prolegomenon by Baruch A. Levine), Aramaic Studies 2: 272-273.book review
  • Folmer M.L. (2004), Review Review of: Bengtsson P.A. (2001) Passover in Targum Pseudo-Jonathan Genesis, Aramaic Studies 2: 263-265.book review
  • Folmer M.L. (2003), Methatesis in Jewish Aramaic: A So-Called 'Pan-Semitic' Feature Recondsidered. In: Baasten M.F.J., Peursen W.Th. van (Eds.) Hamlet on a Hill. Semitic and Greek Studies Presented to Professor T. Muraoka on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birhday. Leuven: Peeters. 233-244.conference paper
  • Folmer M.L. (2003), Officiele Aramese correspondenties uit de satrapie Egypte. In: Demaree R.J., Veenhof K.R. (Eds.) Zij schreven geschiedenis. Historische documenten uit het Oude Nabije Oosten (2500 - 100 v. Chr.). Leiden/Leuven: Ex Oriente Lux/Peeters. 387-397.conference paper
  • Folmer M.L. (2003), Some Peculiarities in the Spelling of the Aramaic Bar Kochba Letters in Comparison with Contemporary Aramaic Documents from the Judean Desert Caves, Dutch Studies in Near Eastern Languages and Literatures (Rugtitel: DS-NELL) 1(2): 59-74.article in journal
  • Folmer M.L. (2001), The use of morphological features to distinguish Aramaic dialects. The case of the pronominal suffix sing.3rd masc. in Jewish Palestinian Aramaic, Dutch Studies in Near Eastern Languages and Literatures (Rugtitel: DS-NELL) IV(2): 175-188.article in journal
  • Folmer M.L. & Soldt W.H. van (1999), De Noordwestsemitische talen, Phoenix : bulletin uitgegeven door het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap Ex Oriente Lux 44.article in magazine/newspaper
  • Folmer M.L. & Soldt W.H. van (1999), De Noordwestsemitische talen. In: Loose A.A. (Ed.) De Talen van het Oude Nabije Oosten. Leuven: Peeters.book chapter
  • Folmer M.L. (1999), Member of editorial staff Phoenix : bulletin uitgegeven door het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap Ex Oriente Lux 45.editorship of journal
  • Folmer M.L. (1998), Member of editorial staff Phoenix : bulletin uitgegeven door het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap Ex Oriente Lux 44.editorship of journal
  • Folmer M.L. (1997), Boekbespreking Review of: Stefanovic Z. (1997) The Aramaic of Daniel in the Light of Old Aramaic, Applied Medical Informatics 54: 748-756.book review
  • Folmer M.L. (1997), Member of editorial staff Phoenix : bulletin uitgegeven door het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap Ex Oriente Lux 43.editorship of journal
  • Folmer M.L. (1996), Member of editorial staff Phoenix : bulletin uitgegeven door het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap Ex Oriente Lux 42.editorship of journal
  • Folmer M.L. (1996), Instances of socalled (k)zy-recitativum in Aramaic texts from the Achaemenid Period, Dutch Studies in Near Eastern Languages and Literatures (Rugtitel: DS-NELL) II: 145-155.article in journal
  • Folmer M.L. (19 September 1995), The Aramaic Language in the Achaemenid Period. A Study in Linguistic Variation (PhD thesis). Leuven: Peeters. Supervisor(s) and Co-supervisor(s):Hoftijzer J.PhD thesis
  • Folmer M.L. (1995), Member of editorial staff Phoenix : bulletin uitgegeven door het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap Ex Oriente Lux 41.editorship of journal
  • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam docent Hebreeuws; sinds maart 2013 universitair docent

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