Universiteit Leiden

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Frans Theuws

Professor of Medieval Archaeology of Europe

Prof.dr. F.C.W.J. Theuws
+31 71 527 1751

Research Projects

- The Merovingian north

Professor Frans Theuws studied History and Provincial Roman Archaeology at the University of Nijmegen and Medieval Archaeology at the University of Amsterdam (1983 cum laude). His PhD research dealt with the characteristics of early medieval society in the southern Netherlands and northern Belgium (1988 cum laude). As an initiator and a team leader he was involved in the organisation of the European Science Foundation project ‘The Transformation of the Roman world’. He has directed several projects financed by the National Science foundation on the archaeology of the Late Roman and Early medieval period of Northern Gaul. He directed excavations of medieval settlements in the southern Netherlands. Between 2003 and 2011 he was professor of Historical Archaeology at the University of Amsterdam.

Frans Theuws is currently professor of medieval archaeology at the University of Leiden (as of January 1st 2012). His research will focus upon the complex networks and relations that connect the various regions of Europe and the Mediterranean (connectivity) in the Early Middle Ages. The movement of persons, objects, knowledge and ideas and the role of various agents (from peasants to kings) will be studied on the basis of evidence from cemeteries and settlements. To achieve this goal he will closely cooperate with the department of Near Eastern Archaeology and its medieval archaeologists. Current projects directed by him are the Saint-Servatius project, dealing with the archaeology of the early Christian complex in Maastricht and the Anastasis project which has as its goal the publication and analysis of unpublished Merovingian cemeteries in the Netherlands. As of 2012 a project will be started that has as its goal the study of Merovingian and Carolingian society in the north of the kingdom. Topics such as urbanisation, rural development, Christianisation and especially trade and exchange will be dealt with. Detailed research on these topics in the Netherlands, Belgium and the German Rhineland, in cooperation with institutions in each country, will be combined with more general research in Europe and the Mediterranean at large. Frans Theuws is also involved in the Udruh project in Jordan of the University of Leiden and the Al-Hussein Bin Talal University in Jordan which can be considered a Mediterranean counterweight to the project in the north.

Students who want to participate and contribute to one of these projects with a Ba- or MA- thesis or in a class dealing with the material culture of Merovingian cemeteries should contact me over e-mail or come to my office on Tuesdays from 11.00 to 12.30.

Additional position
Frans Theuws is editor in chief along with Prof. Dries Tys of the Free University of Brussels of the international academic journal Medieval and Modern Matters (Brepols Academic Publishers).

Professor of Medieval Archaeology of Europe

  • Faculteit Archeologie
  • World Archaeology
  • Provincial Roman & Medieval Archaeology

Work address

Van Steenis
Einsteinweg 2
2333 CC Leiden
Room number B1.22


Professor Emeritus of Medieval Archaeology of Europe

  • Faculteit Archeologie
  • World Archaeology
  • Provincial Roman & Medieval Archaeology
  • Nater C.I., Theuws F.C.W.J. & Waters-Rist A.L (2016), Osteological evidence of achondroplasia in an individual from medieval Reusel, the Netherlands., International Journal of Paleopathology 26: 73–83.article in journal: refereed
  • Kars M., Theuws F. & Haas M. de (2016), The Merovingian cemeteries of Sittard-Kemperkoul, Obbicht-Oude Molen and Stein-Groote Bongerd Merovingian Archaeology in the Low Countries no. 3. Bonn: Habelt Verlag.book
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (24 October 2014), De boer en de koning in vroegmiddeleeuws Noordwest-Europa. (Inaugural address, Archeologie, Leiden). Leiden: Universiteit Leiden.inaugural address
  • Theuws F. (2014), Das Mittlere Maastal und wie es zu einem Kerngebiet des Karolingerreichs wurde. In: Pohle F. (Ed.) Karl Charlemagne der Grosse. Orte der Macht. Dresden: Sandstein Verlag. 200-209.book chapter
  • Theuws F. & Tys D. (2014), Member of editorial staff Medieval and Modern Matters 3.editorship of journal
  • Theuws F.c.W.J. & Braven J.A. den (24 May 2014), 'Herbouw' donjon voor bodemprijs?. De Gelderlander, Opinie: 34-35.article in magazine/newspaper
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2013), Do all the burials we excavate allow an archaeology of individuality and individualism? An introduction to the Sachsensymposion 2011. In: Ludowici B. (Ed.) Individual and individuality? Approaches towards an Archaeology of Personhood in the First Millenium AD. no. Neue Studien zur Sachsenforschung Hannover: Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum Hannover/Konrad Theiss Verlag Stuttgart. 9-15.conference paper
  • Haas M.V. de & Theuws F.C.W.J. (2013), The Merovingian Cemetery of Posterholt-Achterste Voorst Merovingian Archaeology in the Low Countries no. 2. Bonn: Habelt Verlag Bonn.book
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2012), Vroegmiddeleeuwse graven en grafvelden. Oirschot. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2012), De Kattenberg te Bergeijk. Een behekste heuvel en haar geheim ontfutseld?, InBrabant 3(3): 56-65.article in journal
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2012), Journal Medieval and Modern Matters vol 2 (2011) ( octrooi nr. ISBN 978-2-503-53106). Turnhout: Brepols. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2012), Landschaftsarchäologie – Siedlungsarchäologie: Gedanken zu neuen Entwicklungen in den Niederlanden. In: Beck H., Geuenich G., Steuer H. (Eds.) 2012: Altertumskunde – Altertumswissenschaft – Kulturwissenschaft. Erträge und Perspektiven nach 40 Jahren Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde. Berlin. 555-571.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2012), Peasant agency, long distance trade and the early medieval economy.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2012), River-based trade centres in early medieval northwestern Europe. Some ‘reactionary’ thoughts,. In: Gelichi S, Hodges R (Eds.) From one Sea to another. Trading Places in the European and Mediterranean Early Middle Ages. Proceedings of the International Conference Comacchio, 27th-29th March 2009. Turnhout: Brepols. 25-45.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2012), The Free and Unfree of the historians and the Rural population of the archaeologists. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. & Haperen M.C. van (2012), The Merovingian cemetery of Bergeijk-Fazantlaan. Bonn: Habelt Verlag Bonn.book
  • Annaert R, Groote K de, Hollevoet Y., Theuws F.C.W.J., Tys D & Verslype L (Eds.) (2012), The very beginning of Europe? Cultural and Social Dimensions of Early-Medieval Migration and Colonisation. Brussel: Flanders Heritage Agency.editorship of book
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. & Bijsterveld A.J.A. (2012), Vroege Stadswording in Nederland. Een Romeinse erfenis, Karolingische impulsen en een stroomversnelling in de twaalfde eeuw. In: Taverne E, Klerk L de, Ramakers B, Dembski S (Eds.) Nederland Stedenland. Continuïteit en Vernieuwing. Rotterdam: NAi/010 Uitgevers. 91-107.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2011), Vessel ensembles in Merovingian graves: A clue to social positions and gender identities?. Amsterdam. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J., Heiden M van der & Verspay J. (2011), De archeologie van de Brabantse akkers. Toegelicht aan de hand van het onderzoek van de Universiteit van Amsterdam in Veldhoven. Amsterdam: Universiteit van Amsterdam.book
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2010), The free and Unfree of the historians and the rural population of the archaeologists. Kopenhagen. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2010), Beelden van Boeren in de Vroege Middeleeuwen. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2010), De Kern van de Zaak: stadsarcheologie in het komend decennium. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2010), Early medieval trade: towards an archaeological revision. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2010), Early medieval transformations: aristocrats and dwellers in the pagus Texandria: a publication programme, Medieval and Modern Matters 1: 37-71.
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2010), Journal Medieval and Modern Matters vol 1 (2010) ( octrooi nr. ISBN 978-2-503-53100). Turnhout: Brepols. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2009), Grave goods, ethnicity, and the rhetoric of burial rites in Late Antique Northern Gaul. In: Derks T, Roymans N (Eds.) Ethnic Constructs in Antiquity. The role of power and tradition. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. 283-317.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2008), Settlement research and the process of manorialization in Northern Austrasia. In: Gasparri S. (Ed.) 774: ipotesi su una transizione: atti del seminario di Poggibonsi, 16-18 febbraio 2006. Turnhout: Brepols. 199-220.conference paper
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2008), 'Terra non est’: Zentralsiedlungen der Völkerwanderungszeit im Maas-Rhein-Gebiet. In: Steuer H., Bierbrauer V. (Eds.) Höhensiedlungen zwischen Antike und Mittelalter von den Ardennen bis zur Adria. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter. 765-793.book chapter
  • Arts N., Huijbers A., Leenders K., Schotten J., Stoepker H., Theuws F.C.W.J. & Verhoeven A (2007), De Middeleeuwen en vroegmoderne tijd in Zuid-Nederland. In: Nationale Onderzoeksagenda Archeologie (NOaA)..book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2007), Sint-Odiliënberg: de archeologie van een vroegmiddeleeuws klooster, De Maasgouw 126: 128-140.article in journal
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2007), Where is the eighth century in the towns of the Meuse valley?. In: Henning J. (Ed.) Post-Roman Towns, Trade and Settlement in Europe and Byzantium, 1. The Heirs of the Roman West. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter. 153-164.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2005), 'Centres commerciaux dans la vallée de la Meuse et l'économie de Haut Moyen Age'.. In: Plumier J., Regnard M. (Eds.) Voies d'eau, commerce et artisanat en Gaule mǸrovingienne.. Namur: Minist�re de la rǸgion wallonne. 187-194.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2005), 'Drie modellen voor de ontwikkeling van het middeleeuwse Maastricht'.. In: Rutte R., van Engen H. (Eds.) Stadswording in de Nederlanden. Op zoek naar overzicht.. Hilversum: Uitgeverij Verloren. 87-122.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2005), 'Helden van de kerk en de christianisering.'. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2005), 'Late Roman weapon graves in northern Gaul and changing claims on land'.. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2005), Markets in Early medieval Europe. Trading and 'Productive sites' 650-850, European Journal of Archaeology 7: 206-209.article in magazine/newspaper
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2005), 'Ou est la huitième siècle dans les villes de la vallée de la Meuse?'. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2005), 'Toxiandria in de Vroege Middeleeuwen, oude en nieuwe beelden'.. [other]other
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2004), 'Exchange, religion, identity and central places in the Early Middle Ages', Archaeological Dialogues 10: 121-149159.article in journal: refereed
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2004), 'Proloog van Brabant, verleden landschappen van Romeinen en Franken'. In: van Uytven R. (Ed.) Geschiedenis van Brabant van hertogdom tot heden. Zwolle/Leuven. 17-39.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (28 March 2003), De sleutel van Sint Servatius. Uitwisseling, religie, identiteit en centrale plaatsen in de Vroege Middeleeuwen (Inaugural address). Amsterdam: Vossiuspers UvA.inaugural address
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2003), De conceptuele ordening van erf en nederzettingen in de Vroege Middeleeuwen in Zuid-Nederland. [other]other
  • Flamman J.P., Schabbink M. & Theuws F.C.W.J. (2001), Inventariserend veldonderzoek van een nederzetting uit de vroege ijzertijd en een boeren erf uit de 15e-17e eeuw in de gemeente Geldrop : een archeologisch onderzoek in het kader van het Zuidnederland Project van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Amsterdam: AACpublicaties.report
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2001), Le chemin Néerlandaise vers Malte, Nouvelles de l'archéologie 82: 42-45.article in magazine/newspaper
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2001), Maastricht as a centre of power in the early middle ages. In: de Jong Mayke, Theuws Frans (Eds.) Topographies of power in the early Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill. 155-216.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (2001), Merowingerzeit am Niederrhein: Die frühmittelalterlichen Funde aus dem Regierungsbezirk Düsseldorf und dem Kreis Heinsberg, Germania 79: 194-199.article in magazine/newspaper
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. & Nelson J.L. (2000), Rituals of power : from late antiquity to the early Middle Ages Leiden: Brill.book
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. & Roymans N. (1999), Land and ancestors: cultural dynamics in the urnfield period and the middle ages in the southern Netherlands. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.book
  • Roymans N.G.A.M. & Theuws F.C.W.J. (1999), Long-term perspectives in man and landscape in the Meuse-Demer-Scheldt region. An introduction.. In: Theuws F., Roymans N. (Eds.) Land and ancestors: cultural dynamics in the urnfield period and the middle ages in the southern Netherlands. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. 1-32.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (1999), The archaeology and history of the curia of the abbey of Saint Trond at Hulsel (province of North Brabant) (c AD 700-1300). In: Roymans N., Theuws F. (Eds.) Land and Ancestors. Cultural dynamics in the urnfield period and the Middle Ages in the Southern Netherlands.. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. 241-308.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. & Hiddink H.A. (1996), Der Kontakt zu Rom. In: Die Franken. Wegbereiter Europas. Voor 1500 Jahren Konig Chlodwig un seine Erben. Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern. 66-80.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (1996), Haus, Hof und Siedlung im nordlichen Frankenreich. In: Die Franken. Wegbereiter Europas vor 1500 Jahren: Konig Chlodwig und seine Erben. Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern. 754-768.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (1996), Opgraven in eenbedreigd landschap: het Zuid-Nederland project van de Universiteit van Amsterdam in Zuid-Oost Brabant. In: Arts N. (Ed.) Archeologie en ruimtelijke ordening in Zuid-Oost Brabant. Eindhoven: Regio Einhoven-Kempenland/St. Archeol. Zuid-Nederland. 19-31.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (1995), De vele lagen van de vroeg-middeleeuwse geschiedenis, Madoc. Tijdschrift over de Middeleeuwen 9(3): 133-149.article in magazine/newspaper
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (1995), Les dynamiques d'organisation des habitats du haut moyen age. Quelques exemples dans le sud des Pays-Bas. In: Perdu P., Lorren C. (Eds.) L'habitat rural du haut moyenage (France, Pays-Bas, Danemarke et Grande Bretagne). Rouen: Musee des Antiquites de la Selne Maritime. 207-212.book chapter
  • Theuws F.C.W.J. (1994), Elites and the transformation from Merovingian to Carolingian.. In: Randsborg K., Thrane H., Nielsen P.O (Eds.) The archaeology of Gudme and Lundeborg. Papers presented at a coference at svendborg, october 1991. Kopenhagen: Akademisk Forlag. 195-201.book chapter

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