Bernardo Ribeiro de Almeida
Bernardo Almeida is a post-doctoral researcher and lecturer at the Van Vollenhoven Institute, who focuses on land, law, lawmaking and development.
Bernardo has a background in law, and started his professional career as a lawyer in Portugal. He then moved to Timor-Leste in 2009, first as a property rights lecturer at the National University, and later as a Ministry of Justice legal advisor for the land sector, responsible for legal drafting and analysis.
Between 2015 and 2020 Bernardo wrote his PhD thesis at the Van Vollenhoven Institute. His research, with the title ‘Building land tenure systems: The political, legal, and institutional struggles of Timor-Leste’, shows how political, legal, and administrative decisions on land administration are made, what and who influences them, which problems and dilemmas politicians and state officials face, and how the Timorese formal land tenure system works in practice. This research also takes a deeper look at lawmaking in the context of a young, developing democracy. He is currently working on a book proposal based on this research.
Since 2015 Bernardo has also worked as a consultant and trainer on projects in Timor-Leste, Afghanistan, Angola, and Laos for various organizations, including UNDP, UN Habitat, and The Asia Foundation, with special focus on land-related legislation. As an academic researcher at the VVI he has also developed and implemented two research projects in Timor-Leste and Mozambique, and has published several articles, book chapters, research reports, and policy briefs. See 'Publications´
Since 2018 he has taught the course Peace and Justice at the Leiden University College, and in 2021 will teach the course Law, Governance and Development. Bernardo has also delivered several guest-lectures in other courses at various universities and institutions, and since 2018 has collaborated with the Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (Erasmus Rotterdam University) in the Urban Management and Development Master.
His current research interests include land tenure, lawmaking, legal implications of climate change, transitional justice, and justice systems. He is interested in supervising master and PhD theses in these areas.
- Jacobs C. & Almeida B. (2021), Government-led Resettlement after Natural Disasters as a Durable Solution? The Case of Cyclone Idai, Refugee Survey Quarterly .
- Ribeiro de Almeida B. (24 September 2020), Building land tenure systems: The political, legal, and institutional struggles of Timor-Leste (PhD thesis. Institute for the Interdisciplinary Study of the Law, Faculty of Law, Leiden University) Meijers-reeks no. MI-352. Supervisor(s) and Co-supervisor(s): Bedner A.W., Jacobs C.I.M.
- Almeida B. & Jacobs C. (11 May 2020), Resettlement after disaster in Mozambique. Leiden Law Blog [blog entry].
- Almeida B. (2020), Review of: J. Scambary (2019) Conflict, Identity, and State Formation in East Timor 2000–2017, Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 176(4): 610-611.
- Jacobs C. & Almeida B. (2020), Land and climate change: Rights and environmental displacement in Mozambique. Leiden: Van Vollenhoven Institute for Law, Governance and Society (VVI), Leiden University.
- Almeida B. & Jacobs C. (2020), Policy brief - Land and climate change: Rights and environmental displacement in Mozambique. Leiden, (Van Vollenhoven Institute for Law, Governance and Society (VVI)). [other].
- Jacobs C. & Almeida B. (2020), Propriedade e alterações climáticas - direitos e deslocados ambientais em Moçambique (. Van Vollenhoven Institute, Law, Leiden University).
- Almeida B. & Jacobs C. (2020), Síntese de pesquisa - A terra e as alterações climáticas: Direitos e deslocamento ambiental em Moçambique. Leiden, (Van Vollenhoven Institute for Law, Governance and Society (VVI)). [other].
- Almeida B. (2019), With or Without International Institutions? Acquisition of land rights for infrastructure projects in the weak legal framework of Timor-Leste. In: Price S., Singer J. (Eds.) Country Frameworks for Development Displacement and Resettlement: Reducing Risk, Building Resilience. Routledge studies in development, mobilities and migration London: Routledge. 269-287.
- Ribeiro de Almeida B. (2018), A aplicação da usucapião em Timor-Leste [Adverse possession in Timor-Leste], e-boletim Lei & Justiça 1(1): 5-15.
- Ribeiro de Almeida B. (2018), Expropriation or Plunder? Property rights and infrastructure development in Oecusse. In: Bovensiepen J.M. (Ed.) The Promise of Prosperity: Visions of the Future in Timor-Leste. Pacific Series Canberra: ANU Press. 99-118.
- Ribeiro de Almeida B. (2018), Hakarak ka lakoi? Os limites da expropriação em Timor-Leste [Hakarak ka lakoi? The limits of expropriation in Timor-Leste], e-boletim Lei & Justiça 1(2): 19-35.
- Ribeiro de Almeida B. (2017), The Main Characteristics of the Timorese Legal System – a Practical Guide, Verfassung und Recht in Übersee 50(2): 175-187.
- Almeida B. (2017), Navigating without a compass: state transition in Timor-Leste’s formal land tenure system. In: Viegas S. de M., Feijó R.G. (Eds.) Transformations in Independent Timor-Leste: Dynamics of Social and Cultural Cohabitations. Routledge/City University of Hong Kong Southeast Asia Series London-New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. 123-141.
- Ribeiro de Almeida B. (2016), Indonesia's Changing Political Economy: Governing the Roads Review of: Davidson J.S. (2015) Indonesia's Changing Political Economy: Governing the Roads, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 172(2-3): 373-409.
- Ribeiro de Almeida B. & Wassel T. (2016), Key Findings from the Survey on Access to Land, Tenure Security and Land Conflicts in Timor-Leste. Leiden: Van Vollenhoven Institute and The Asia Foundation. [White paper].
- Ribeiro de Almeida B. (2016), Land Tenure Legislation in Timor-Leste: The Asia Foundation. [Working paper].
- Ribeiro de Almeida B. & Wassel T. (2016), Survey on Access to Land, Tenure Security and Land Conflicts in Timor-Leste (. Van Vollenhoven Institute, Faculty of Law, Leiden University), . Leiden: Van Vollenhoven Institute and The Asia Foundation.
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