Protostellar jets and planet-forming disks: Witnessing the formation of Solar System analogues with interferometry
The focus of this thesis is how stars like our Sun and planets like Jupiter, Saturn, and Earth are formed.
- Tychoniec, Ł.
- 09 maart 2021
- Thesis in Leiden University Scholarly Publications
The focus of this thesis is how stars like our Sun and planets like Jupiter, Saturn, and Earth are formed. With arrays of radio telescopes, I observed the environments where the first stages of star and planet formation occur. This thesis focuses on characterizing different components of young protostellar systems, most notably their jets and disks. Using interferometric radio observations with ALMA array, I provided information on key chemical tracers of different components of the protostellar systems. By characterizing the radio signal from young stars with ALMA and VLA interferometers, I was able to disentangle an emission from the jet and the disk. This led to an unexpected development: I was able to compare dust masses of young disks with those of older disks for the first time. By comparing this information with masses of the extrasolar planets detected so far I showed that the solid cores of gas giants must form in the first 0.1 Myr of stellar life. That is an important time constrain, that pushes the onset of planet formation earlier and highlights the importance of characterization of the youngest protostars in understanding the origin of Solar System and Earth.