Universiteit Leiden

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Development of new chemical tools to study the cannabinoid receptor type 2

The endocannabinoid receptors CB1R and CB2R are involved in a plethora of processes, and consequently are involved in many pathological conditions. Their wide distribution makes the CBRs both an interesting therapeutic target and hard to study.

L.V. de Paus
22 mei 2024
Thesis in Leiden Repository

Additional chemical tools are required to study and understand the function and mechanism of CB1R and CB2R. This thesis describes the development of several such tools to improve our insight in the (pathological) roles of the receptors in order to develop novel and improved therapeutics. First evaluation of three dimensional ligand-CB2R complexes made and analysed with Cryo-EM are described. Hotspots that potentially generate selectivity between CB1R and CB2R are evaluated with point-mutations in vitro. Consequently describes the development of the first tools, two-step bifunctional probes based on LEI-121 and LEI 102, is described. As two-step probes are not compatible with every assay, the toolbox is expanded with a one-step fluorescent probe. Briefly touching upon CB1R, ligands were designed with negatively charged phosphonium groups that are potentially selective for mtCB1R.

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