European and International Business Law (Advanced LL.M.)
To be eligible for European and International Business Law at Leiden University, you must meet the following admission requirements.
The following diploma requirements apply for this programme:
- A full degree in law offering access to legal practice in the country where it was obtained, or an equivalent degree from a recognised university/law school;
- or a degree at an equivalent level in a relevant discipline with a sufficient background in law; and
- evidence of excellent academic performance.
- proven English language proficiency, demonstrated by way of a TOEFL test (overall score of 100 Internet-based), or IELTS test (overall score of 7.0 - academic module only), or Cambridge English Proficiency certificate (CPE), occasionally complemented by a telephone interview.
- in addition to the above-mentioned overall English test scores, minimum band scores of IELTS 6.0 (TOEFL 20) for speaking, listening and reading, and a minimum band score of IELTS 6.5 (TOEFL 22) for writing are required.
- English test results may not be more than two years old!
English test exemptions
Exemptions to English tests can only be granted on the basis of certain criteria. For details of all criteria, please refer to the English language proficiency information sheet.
Note that the following additional criteria apply for Advanced LLMs:
- You can be granted an exemption if you have a fully English-taught university-level degree from a Dutch research university.
- You cannot be granted an exemption on the basis of a Dutch pre-university (VWO) diploma.
Further English test information
You can find detailed information on accepted English test types, score equivalencies and methods of submission in the English language proficiency information sheet.
- A keen interest in the field of European and international business law, illustrated by way of a letter of motivation.
- Documented evidence of relevant (work) experience, i.e. employment or internship at a law firm, or relevant voluntary work, illustrated by way of a detailed curriculum vitae.
- Two letters of recommendation attesting to good academic and/or professional ability. At least one letter must be written by an academic staff member, for example a lecturer or academic supervisor.
Meeting the admission requirements does not necessarily guarantee an admission offer. Students are selected on the basis of overall merit.