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Software developments in automated structure solution and crystallographic studies of the Sso10a2 and human C1 inhibitor protein

Promotor: Prof.dr. J.P. Abrahams, Co-Promotor: N.S. Pannu

W.J. Waterreus
05 december 2013
Thesis in Leiden Repository

CRANK is a suite that links different macromolecular X-ray crystallographic programs to solve macromolecular crystal structures automatically from experimental phasing data. In chapter 2, several new algorithms implemented within CRANK increase the robustness and speed of the structure solution process. The new MULTICOMB program, discussed in chapter 3, provides a new phase combination algorithm for the density modification step of the structure solution process. MULTICOMB implements a novel advanced multivariate function that considers the single-wavelength anomalous diffraction (SAD) data directly, accounts for the correlation between the initial and density-modified maps and refines errors that can occur in a SAD experiment. Testing of these new algorithms with over 100 real data sets showed a dramatic improvement over state-of-the-art methods. These novel methods were also applied in solving the new structure of the DNA-binding protein Sso10a2 from Sulfolobus solfataricus reported in chapter 4. This structure provides insight to the observed differences in behaviour between Sso10a2 and its close homolog Sso10a. The last chapter of this work describes the crystallization conditions for a recombinant, fully glycosylated form of the human C1 inhibitor protein, which is involved in hereditary angioedema, a potentially life threatening condition.

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