Modulation of plant chemistry by rhizosphere bacteria
Plant-microbe interaction resulted in different physio/chemical responses by host plant and interacting rhizobacteria.
- Jeon, J.
- 07 juli 2020
- Thesis in Leiden Repository
Plant-microbe interaction resulted in different physio/chemical responses by host plant and interacting rhizobacteria. This thesis focuses on how different plants and rhizobacteria combinations modulate plant metabolism. Factorial combinations of different plant species, including Arabidopsis thaliana (model plant), Brassica oleracea var. italica (crop) and Artemisia annua (medicinal plant), and phylogenetically distinct rhizobacterial species, including Pseudomonas fluorescens SS101 (Pf SS101), Microbacterium and three Paraburkholderia species, were used as study model systems in this thesis. Untargeted metabolomics was used to assess the impact of these rhizobacteria on the shoot chemistry of the host plant species. This study revealed that root treatment of different plant species with rhizobacteria altered 18-78% of the detected plant secondary metabolites in the shoot. We also assessed the impact of a known bacterial trait on plant phenotype and chemistry. cysH mutation of Pf SS101 affected the chain elongation of aliphatic glucosinolate biosynthesis in Arabidopsis whereas it led to an accumulation of indolic glucosinolates and flavonoids in Broccoli. To further discover the bacterial traits affected during the interaction with Broccoli roots, genome wide transcriptome analysis was carried out, resulting in upregulation of genes involved in flagellar assembly, chemotaxis, and motility together with nutrient uptake and (an)ion transporter in Paraburkholderia species.