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Cavity quantum electrodynamics with quantum dots in microcavities

Promotor: Prof.dr. D. Bouwmeester

M. Bakker
17 juni 2015
Thesis in Leiden Repository

Quantum dots (QDs) are nm-size semiconductor structures that hold promise for applications in quantum information. One important requirement, however, is to achieve near-unity interaction between photons and (singly charged) QDs. For this purpose, we make use of oxide-apertured micropillars that confine light in a small volume and thereby enhance the interaction. A QD transition coupled to the cavity mode can turn a transmittive cavity into a reflective one, and this property can be used to create entanglement between the spatial state of a photon and the spin state of a charge in the QD. This thesis consists of two parts: 1) in the first part we demonstrate techniques to monitor and fine tune the oxide aperture size and shape. By controlling the oxide shape we show we can fabricate polarization degenerate microcavities. 2) In the second part, perform cryogenic experiments with such a QD-cavity system. We investigate neutral and singly charged QDs as function of polarization and find this offers a way to assess the QD coherence. Next, we demonstrate a novel effect where charges around the QDs have a strong feedback with the QD properties. Finally, we present a homodyne detection technique of the QD coherence and phase shift.

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