Algebraic filters for filtered backprojection
Promotor: K.J. Batenburg, Co-promotor: A.W. van der Vaart, B. de Smit
- Linda Plantagie
- 13 april 2017
- Thesis in Leiden Repository
Computed Tomography (CT) is an imaging technique that is used to calculate the interior of an object using X-rays under multiple projection angles. A well-known application is medical imaging with a CT-scanner. The reconstruction methods can roughly be divided into two categories: analytical reconstruction methods and algebraic reconstruction methods (ARMs). An example of an algorithm from the first category is Filtered Backprojection (FBP). This method has a high computational efficiency and it performs well in cases with many equiangularly distributed projection angles and high signal-to-noise ratio. ARMs require in general more computation time. They are more robust with respect to noise and can handle few projection angles or a limited angular range better. In this dissertation, the new algorithm Algebraic filter – Filtered Backprojection (AF-FBP) is introduced, which uses an ARM to create filters that can be used in FBP. The reconstruction quality of AF-FBP approximates that of the corresponding (locally) linear ARM, while the reconstructions are obtained with the computational efficiency of FBP. In cases with a small number of different scanning geometries, using AF-FBP enables the reconstruction of images of relatively high quality for few projection angles, limited angular range, or low signal-to-noise ratio.