Universiteit Leiden

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Liselore Tissen

External PhD

L.N.M. Tissen MA
+31 71 527 2727

Liselore Tissen is an external PhD-candidate at the Leiden University Centre for the Arts in Society & Delft University of Technology at the faculty of Mechanical, Maritime and Materials Engineering (3mE).

More information about Liselore Tissen

Leiden Arts in Society Blog


My main interests lie in technical art history – a branch within art history that focuses more on the material and scientific aspects of artworks - and the crossroads between modern technology and art. I am focusing on the moral and ethical discussions that arise with the introduction of new technologies within the art world. Furthermore, I am interested in exploring the possibilities technology has to offer for both art conservation and art presentation.
Indistinguishable likeness is an in-depth inquiry into the impact of 3D printing in our contemporary digitized society and the importance of this technology for art historical research and the conservation & presentation of artworks. The ever-growing divide between authenticity and reproduction has been a topic of discussion since Walter Benjamin argued (1936) that reproduction strips artworks from their artistic relevance and connections to the past. Although nowadays art reproductions are omnipresent (e.g. on mobile devices and posters) 3D printing offers possibilities hitherto unperceived: artworks can be printed preserving every visual and material detail. Undeniably, 3D printing technology will continue to develop, yet the impact of this technology on how we view authentic artworks and the societal role of museums remains unresearched. This study critically analyzes contemporary ethics in the art world to understand, on the one hand, the way 3D printing challenges the notions of authenticity and copy, and on the other, to grasp the significance of this innovative technology for the appreciation of original artworks. Drawing from the disciplines of (technical) art history, 3D technology and conservation studies, a theoretic framework for a profound study of 3D printing is established. Based on this framework, paintings of Dutch museum collections that are (entirely or partly) 3D printed function as case studies to show the impact and significance of 3D printing for contemporary art theory and practice. Subsequently, this research proposes ways in which 3D printing can attribute to maintaining both museums’ critical function and artworks’ social and material integrity. 



Guest PhD Student (Leiden University & Delft University of Technology)
Master Arts & Culture, Leiden University
Conservation & Restoration (minor), University of Amsterdam
Bachelor Art History, Leiden University


PhD supervision
Prof.dr. C.J.M. Zijlmans
Prof.dr. J. Dik (3mE – TU Delft)
Dr. W.S. Elkhuizen (IO – TU Delft


Leiden Delft Erasmus – Centre for Global Heritage and Development
Netherlands Institute for Conservation+Art+Science+

External PhD

  • Faculty of Humanities
  • Centre for the Arts in Society
  • KG Moderne beeldende kunst

Graduate School Officer

  • Faculty Governance and Global Affairs
  • Faculteitsbureau

Work address

Schouwburgstraat 2
2511 VA The Hague
Room number B1.10



  • Centre for Global Heritage and Development Associated Researcher
  • Leiden University Centre for the Arts in Society Editor - Journal of the LUCAS Graduate Conference
  • Netherlands Institute for Conservation+Art+Science+ Associated Researcher - Individual partner project
  • Leiden University Centre for the Arts in Society Editor - Leiden University Arts in Society Blog
  • Leiden University Centre for the Arts in Society PhD Council Member
  • JobMotion LUCRIS Support Officer
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