Universiteit Leiden

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Johan Rooryck

Professor of French Linguistics

Prof.dr. J.E.C.V. Rooryck
+31 71 527 2049


The nature of evidentiality


Curriculum Vitae


(All academic degrees from K.U.Leuven (University of Louvain, Belgium)

1979 - 1981 Kandidatuur Romaanse filologie (B.A. in Romance philology)
1981 - 1983 Licentiaat Romaanse filologie (M.A. in Romance philology)
1981 - 1983 Baccalauraat filosofie (special B.A. in philosophy)
1981 - 1983 Aggregatie (pedagogical teacher training course)
1983 M.A. dissertation
  Contre l'ellipse: examen de la valeur explicative du principe de suppression en syntaxe. (Against ellipsis: analysis of the explanatory power of the principle of deletion in syntax) A thoroughly revised part of this dissertation appeared in Linguistic Analysis 15 (1985), 3-4, 187-229.
1987 Doctoraat Romaanse filologie (Ph. D. in Romance linguistics)
  Les verbes de contrôle: une analyse de l'interprétation du sujet non exprimé des constructions infinitives en français. (Control verbs: an analysis of the interpretation of the nonexpressed subject of infinitival constructions in French)



1984 - 1988 Research Assistant of the Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research, affiliated to the University of Louvain. (K.U.Leuven). Teaching seminars of French linguistics for undergraduates, reviewing M.A. dissertations.
1988 - 1990 Visiting Assistant Professor in the Program of Linguistics and the Department of French of the Pennsylvania State University. Teaching classes and seminars of semantics, pragmatics, morphology, introduction to linguistics, and theoretical syntax to graduates and undergraduates.
1990 - 1993 Assistant Professor in the Department of French and Italian and Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics of Indiana University, Bloomington. Associate member of the Graduate Faculty. Teaching undergraduate and graduate classes in French linguistics: phonology, syntax, semantics, and introduction to linguistics.
1993 - Present Professor of French Linguistics in the Department of French, Leiden University. Chair, Department of French ‘95-’03. Chair, Department of Italian ’03-‘04. Chair of the Board of the Holland Institute of Generative Linguistics (HIL) ‘99–‘01. Board member of the University Leiden Center of Linguistics (ULCL) ’01- . Teaching undergraduate courses and graduate seminars in French linguistics and general linguistics.





  1. Configurations of sentential complementation: perspectives from Romance languages. Routledge: London (2000)
  2. with Guido vanden Wyngaerd: Dissolving Binding theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press (2011)

Edited volumes

  1. With Laurie Zaring, co-editor of Phrase structure and the lexicon, Dordrecht: Kluwer (1995).
  2. With Hans Bennis and Pierre Pica, co-editor of ‘Atomism’ and Binding, Foris Publications (1997) (distributed by HAG).
  3. With Sjef Barbiers and Jeroen van de Weijer, co-editor of Small words in the big picture. Squibs for Hans Bennis. HIL Occasional papers 2 (1998).
  4. With Paul Bogaards and Paul Smith, co-editor of Quitte ou double (sens)? Mélanges sur l’ambiguïté offerts à Ronald Landheer. avec la collaboration de Véronique van Gelderen. Amsterdam: Rodopi (2001).
  5. With Yves D’Hulst and Jan Schroten, co-editor of Romance languages and linguistic theory 1999, Amsterdam: Benjamins (2001).
  6. With Pierre Pica. Linguistic Variation Yearbook 1. Amsterdam: Benjamins. (2001).
  7. With Pierre Pica. Linguistic Variation Yearbook 2. Amsterdam: Benjamins (2002).
  8. With Pierre Pica. Linguistic Variation Yearbook 3. Amsterdam: Benjamins (2003).
  9. With Jeroen van Craenenbroeck & Pierre Pica. Linguistic Variation Yearbook 4. Amsterdam: Benjamins (2004).
  10. With Jeroen van Craenenbroeck & Pierre Pica. Linguistic Variation Yearbook 4. Amsterdam: Benjamins (2005).
  11. With Jeroen van Craenenbroeck & Pierre Pica. Linguistic Variation Yearbook 6. Amsterdam: Benjamins (2006).
  12. With Jeroen van Craenenbroeck. Linguistic Variation Yearbook 7. Amsterdam: Benjamins (2007).
  13. With Jeroen van Craenenbroeck. Linguistic Variation Yearbook 8. Amsterdam: Benjamins (2008).
  14. With Jeroen van Craenenbroeck. Linguistic Variation Yearbook 9. Amsterdam: Benjamins (2009).



1. with Gertjan Postma: On participial imperatives. Imperative clauses in generative grammar: studies offered to Frits Beukema. ed. by Wim van der Wurff, Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (2007)

2. Control via selection. New horizons in the grammar of raising and control. Stanley Dubinsky & William Davies (eds.) SNLLT, Mouton de Gruyter. (2007)

3. Binding into pronouns. Language in Mind: A Tribute to Neil Smith on the Occasion of his Retirement, Edited by Robyn Carston, Diane Blakemore and Hans van de Koot. Lingua, 116, 10: 1561-1579. (2006)

4. with Jenny Doetjes: Quantity and quality agree. From DP to DP Volume 1: the syntax and semantics of noun phrases. Martine Coene & Yves D’hulst (eds), Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 277-296 (2003).

5. The morphosyntactic structure of articles and pronouns in Dutch. Germania et alia. A linguistic webschrift for Hans den Besten, Jan Koster & Henk Van Riemsdijk (eds), (2003) http://odur.let.rug.nl/~koster/DenBesten/contents.htm

6. with Ineke Van der Meulen and Roelien Bastiaanse. Wh-movement in French agrammatism. Brain and Language 83, 184-187 (2002).

7. with Lisa Cheng: Licensing Wh- in situ. Syntax 3, 1-19 (2001).

8. with Paul Bogaards: Ambiguïté et compréhension du langage. Quitte ou double (sens)? Mélanges sur l’ambiguïté offerts à Ronald Landheer. Paul Bogaards, Johan Rooryck & Paul Smith (avec la collaboration de Véronique van Gelderen) (eds). Amsterdam: Rodopi (2001).

9. State of the article : Evidentiality, part I. Glot International 5, 4 : 125-133. (2001)

10.State of the article : Evidentiality, part II. Glot International 5, 5 : 161-168. (2001)

11. with Guido Vanden Wyngaerd: Simplex and complex reflexives in French and Dutch. In Traiani Augusti vestigia pressa sequamur. Studia lingvistica in honorem Lilianae Tasmowski. Coene, Martine, Walter De Mulder, Patrick Dendale & Yves D'Hulst (eds). Padova: Unipress, 617-638 (1999).

12. with Pierre Pica: Configurational attitudes. Semantic issues in Romance Syntax. José Lema & Esthela Treviño (eds), Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 155-179 (1999).

13. with Sjef Barbiers: On the Interpretation of there in Existentials. Proceedings of WCCFL 17, UBC, 1998. Kimary Shahin, Susan Blake & Eun-Sook Kim (eds), Stanford: CSLI, 59-73 (1999).

14. with Guido Vanden Wyngaerd. Puzzles of identity: Binding at the interface. In Proceedings of NELS 29. P. Tamanji, M. Hirotani & N. Hall (eds), GLSA, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. (1999).

15. with Guido Vanden Wyngaerd: The Self as Other: a Minimalist account of zich and zichzelf in Dutch. Proceedings of NELS 28, Pius N. Tamanji & Kiyomi Kusumoto (eds), Amherst: GLSA, 359-373. (1998).

16. with Guido Vanden Wyngaerd: It’s a small word. Small words in the big picture. Squibs for Hans Bennis. Sjef Barbiers, Johan Rooryck & Jeroen van de Weijer (eds), 101-106. (1998).

17. On the interaction between Raising and Focus in sentential complementation. Studia Linguistica 50.1-49 (1997).

18. On passive as partitive quantification. Projections and Interface Conditions, Anna-Maria di Sciullo (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 201-234 (1997).

19. with João Costa: On Pseudo-raising. Actes du second colloque Langues & Grammaire, Paris VIII. Léa Nash, Georges Tsoulas & Anne Zribi-Hertz (eds), 48-58 (1996).

20. with Gertjan Postma: Modality and possession in NPs. Proceedings of NELS 26, Kiyomi Kusumoto (ed.), Amherst: GLSA, 273-287 (1996).

21. Prepositions and minimalist Case-marking. Studies in Comparative Germanic Syntax Volume II., Höskuldur Thráinsson, Samuel Epstein, & Steve Peter (eds). Dordrecht: Kluwer, 226-256 (1996).

22. Restricting Relativized Minimality: the case of Romance enclitics. Contemporary research in Romance Languages, Papers from the 22nd Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages El Paso/Cd. Juárez February 1992, Jon Amastae, Grant Goodall, Mario Montalbetti, and Marianne Phinney (eds), 333-354, Amsterdam: John Benjamins (1995).

23. with Rose-Marie Déchaine & Teun Hoekstra: Augmented and non-augmented HAVE. Actes du premier colloque Langues & Grammaire, Paris VIII. ed. by Léa Nash & Georges Tsoulas, 85-101 (1995).

24. Against optional movement for clitic climbing. Issues and Theory in Romance Linguistics: Selected Papers from the Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages XXIII, Mike Mazzola (ed.), 417-443, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, (1994).

25. On 0- and - underspecification in syntax and phonology. The morphology - syntax connection. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics Volume 22 Heidi Harley & Colin Phillips (eds), 197-216, Cambridge MA: MITWPL, (1994).

26. Generalized Transformations and the Wh- cycle: free relatives as bare Wh- CPs. Minimalism and Kayne's Asymmetry Hypothesis, ed. by Jan-Wouter Zwart, Groninger Arbeiten zur germanistischen Linguistik 37, 195-208, (1994).

27. On two types of underspecification: towards a feature theory shared by syntax and phonology. Probus 6, 207-233 (1994).

28. with Alice ter Meulen: The quantificational force of static and dynamic predication. Proceedings of the 10th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, Dawn Bates (ed.), 459-469, CSLI Publications: Stanford University, (1992).

29. On the distinction between raising and control. Romance Languages and Modern Linguistic Theory. Papers from the 20th Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages, Ottawa, 10-14 April, 1990, Paul Hirschbühler & Konrad Koerner (eds), 225-250, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, (1992).

30. A propos des îles négatives et factives. De la musique à la linguistique - Hommages à Nicolas Ruwet, Liliane Tasmowski-De Ryck & Anne Zribi-Hertz (eds), 513-528, Ghent: Communication & Cognition, (1992).

31. Romance enclitic ordering and Universal Grammar. The Linguistic Review 9.3, 219-250, (1992).

32. Negative and factive islands revisited. Journal of Linguistics, 28.2, 343-374, (1992).

33. Métaphore et agent implicite. Le sens et ses hétérogénéités, Herman Parret (ed.), 29-36, Paris: C.N.R.S, (1991),.

34. que/ qui: pronoms relatifs ou complémenteurs? in: Actes du XVIIe Congrès International de Linguistique et de Philologie Romanes,Université de Trèves, 19-24 mai 1986, Tome II, ed. by Dieter Wunderli, 638-646, Niemeyer: Tübingen, (1991) .

35. Montée et contrôle: une nouvelle analyse. Le Français moderne 58.1/2, 1-28, (1990).

36. with Piet Desmet and Pierre Swiggers: What are words worth? Language and ideology in: French dictionaries during the revolutionary period. Ideologies of language, ed. by John Joseph & Talbot Taylor, 162-188 Routledge: London - New York, (1990).

37. with Rudi Hendrickx: Groenten, fruit en getal. De Nieuwe Taalgids 82.4, 343-349, (1989).

38. Les verbes à montée et à contrôle 'ambigus'. Revue québecoise de linguistique 18.1, 189-207, (1989).

39. with Henri Van den Bussche: Les attributs en français et leur intégration phrastique. Travaux de linguistique 16, 69-85, (1988).

40. Les verbes de contrôle métaphoriques . Revue romane 23.1, 3-8, (1988).

41. Une note sur les verbes de corrélation. Revue roumaine de linguistique XXXIII, 3, 151-153, (1988).

42. French causatives and the dative problem. Preprint 115, Department of Linguistics K.U.Leuven (1988).

43. Restrictions on dative cliticization in French causatives. Journal of Semantics 6.1 41-55, (1988).

44. Relative clauses and binding in French: the solution of Bouchard (1984).
Lingvisticae Investigationes 12.1, 151-155, (1988).

45. Formal aspects of French nonlexical datives. Folia Linguistica 22.3-4, 373-386, (1988).

46. Critères formels pour le datif non lexical en français. Studia Neophilologica 60, 97-107, (1987).

47. Méthode, grammaire et théorie des signes au XVIIe siècle. Review article of Pierre Swiggers' Grammaire et méthode au XVIIe siècle. Semiotica 60.3-4, 343-350, (1986).

48. 'Gapping-zeugme' in French and English: a non deletion analysis. Preprint 89, Department of Linguistics, K.U.Leuven (1984); revised version: Linguistic Analysis 15.3-4, 187-229, (1985).

49. with Guido Vanden Wyngaerd: (2007) The syntax of spatial anaphora. Nordlyd. University of Tromsø working papers on language and linguistics 34, 2. 33-85.

50. with Jeroen Van Craenenbroeck and Guido Vanden Wyngaerd (2010) Initiële verstemlozing bij tientallen. Huldeboek voor Magda Devos.

In preparation

1. with Guido Van den Wyngaerd: The Distribution of Direct and Indirect Inalienable Possession in French.

2. with Marjo van Koppen. Resolving resolution. underspecification and the Law of the Coordination of Likes (ms.)

3. On the scalar nature of syntactic negation in French. (ms.)

4.want vs need : a matter of perspective?

5. with Lisa Cheng: Wh- in situ revisited: the Portuguese puzzle.


1. Review of The 25th Annual Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages, University of Washington, Seattle, 2-4 March 1995. Glot international 4 (1995).

2. Review of Guido J. Vanden Wyngaerd, PRO-legomena. Distribution and reference of infinitival subjects, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Glot international 3 (1995).

3. Review of Guglielmo Cinque, Types of A' dependencies. Cambridge: The MIT Press. Journal of Linguistics 28.2, 547-549, (1992).

4. Review of Oswald Ducrot, Logique, structure, énonciation. Paris: Les éditions de Minuit. The French Review, 64, 733-735, (1991).

5. Review of Denis Bouchard, On the content of empty categories. Dordrecht: Foris. Leuvense Bijdragen 77.1, 191-197, (1988).

6. Review of Osvaldo Jaeggli, Topics in Romance syntax. Dordrecht: Foris. Lingvisticae Investigationes 9.1, 169-177, (1986).

7. with Pierre Swiggers: review of H. Curat et L. Meney, Gustave Guillaume et la psychomécanique du langage. Bibliographie annotée. Vox Romanica 45 195-200, (1986).

Supervision of doctoral dissertations

  1. Astrid Ferdinand (1996). The development of functional categories.
    (promotores: Johan Rooryck and Aafke Hulk (University of Amsterdam))
  2. João Costa (1998) Word order variation.
    João Costa is Professor Auxiliar at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa. Four dissertations have been completed under his direction (Fernanda Pratas, Cláudia Silva, Jair Faria, Mirian Cerqueira). He is currently supervising seven PhD students (Joana Cerejeira, Carolina Silva, João Loureiro, Jaqueline Carmona, Antónia Estrela, Isabel Mascarenhas, Elsa Pereira).
  3. Sérgio Menuzzi (1999) Binding theory and pronominal anaphora in Brazilian Portuguese. (co-promotor Frits Beukema)
    Sérgio Menuzzi is Professor of Linguistics at the Department of Linguistics and Philology of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
    (UFRGS, Porto Alegre RS, Brazil).
  4. Anikó Lipták (2001) On the syntax of Wh- items in Hungarian (cum laude, promotores: Johan Rooryck and Lisa Cheng)
    Anikó Lipták is a postdoctoral researcher at LUCL, Leiden University, where she carries out the NWO-sponsored VIDI project Focus and ellipsis, in the context of which she is co-supervising a PhD project carried out by Enrico Boone.
  5. Aniek Ijbema. (2002) Grammaticalization and infinitival complements in Dutch. (co-promotor Sjef Barbiers (Meertens Institute)
    Aniek Ijbema works at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the Free University of Amsterdam.
  6. Véronique van Gelderen (2003) Scrambling unscrambled.
    (promotores: Lisa Cheng and Johan Rooryck)
  7. Marjon Helmantel (2002) Interactions in the Dutch adpositional domain. (promotores: Hans Bennis (Meertens Instituut) and Johan Rooryck)
    Marjon Helmantel is a member of the Department of German language and culture at the University of Groningen.
  8. Jeroen van Craenenbroeck (2004) Ellipsis in Dutch dialects.
    (cum laude, co-promotor Sjef Barbiers (Meertens Instituut))
    Jeroen van Craenenbroeck is professor of Dutch linguistics at the Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel. He co-supervised the dissertation of Lobke Aelbrecht at the HUB (11/7/09). He is currently (co-) supervising the doctoral dissertations of six PhD students: Adrienn Jánosi at the HUB, Amélie Roquet and Karen de Clercq at the University of Ghent, Hugo Laporte at the Université Catholique de Louvain, Marijke de Belder at HUB and Utrecht University, and Tanja Temmerman at Leiden University.
  9. Ineke van der Meulen (2004) Syntactic movement and comprehension difficulties in Broca’s aphasia. (promotores: Johan Rooryck and Roelien Bastiaanse (Groningen))
    Ineke van der Meulen is a clinical linguist and a researcher in language pathology and language revalidation at the Rijndam hospital in Rotterdam.
  10. Gretel de Cuyper (2004) La estructura léxica de la resultatividad y su expresión en las lenguas germánicas y románicas, (promotores: Johan Rooryck and Liliane Tasmowski (Universiteit Antwerpen).
    Gretel de Cuyper is Professor of Spanish linguistics in the Department of Linguistics and Romance Studies at the Universiteit Antwerpen (Belgium)
  11. Marjo van Koppen (2005) One Probe – two Goals. Aspects of agreement in Dutch dialects. (cum laude, co-promotor Sjef Barbiers (Meertens Instituut))
    Marjo van Koppen is a postdoctoral researcher at Utrecht University on the project Diversity in Dutch DP design, co-supervising the dissertation of Huub Craenendonck.
  12. Mark de Vos (2005) The syntax of verbal pseudo-coordination in English and Afrikaans. (co-promotor Sjef Barbiers (Meertens Instituut))
    Mark de Vos is a Lecturer in the Department of English language and linguistics at Rhodes University (Grahamstown, South Africa), where directs the research project Language change and linguistic knowledge: morpho-syntactic variation in varieties of Afrikaans (SANPAD, 435.000 Rand)
  13. Dany Jaspers (2005) Operators in the lexicon. On the negative logic of natural language. (promotores: Johan Rooryck and Guido Vanden Wyngaerd (KU Brussel))
    Dany Jaspers is professor of English at VLEKHO (Brussels).
  14. Bart van der Veer (2006) The Italian ‘mobile diphtongs’ A test case for experimental phonetics and phonological theory. (promotores: Vincent van Heuven and Johan Rooryck, co-promotor Jeroen van de Weijer).
    Bart van der Veer is a professor at the Hoger Instituut voor Vertalers en Tolken (Antwerp).
  15. Martin Salzmann (2006) Resumptive prolepsis. A study in indirect A'-dependencies. (promotores: Johan Rooryck and Lisa Cheng)
    Martin Salzmann currently has a Postdoc position at the Deutsches Seminar of the University of Zurich on a research project that was awarded to him by the"Forschungskredit" of UZH,
  16. Stella Gryllia (2009) On the nature of preverbal Focus in Greek. A theoretical and experimental approach. (promotores: Vincent van Heuven and Johan Rooryck, co-promotor Jenny Doetjes) Stella Gryllia is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Potsdam.
  17. Karène Sanchez (2009) Politiques, éducation et identités linguistiques: le collège des Frères des Écoles Chrétiennes de Jérusalem (1922-1939) (co-promotor: dr Marie-Christine Kok Escalle (Utrecht University))
    Karène Sanchez is a lecturer of French language and culture in the department of French at Leiden University, and a member of the CNRS research project ANR Faiseurs d’histoire faiseurs d’archives.
  18. Erik Schoorlemmer (2009) The morphosyntax of the Germanic DP: Agreement, Dominance, and Doubling (promotores: Johan Rooryck and Lisa Cheng)
    Erik Schoorlemmer is a Postdoc researcher at MIT on a NWO-sponsored
    Rubicon grant.
  19. Annemiek Hammer (2010) The acquisition of verbal morphology in cochlear-implanted and specific language impaired children. (promotores: Steven Gillis (U. Antwerpen), Martine Coene (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) and Johan Rooryck)
    Annemiek Hammer is a Postdoctoral researcher on Prof dr Martine Coene’s €1.7m ERC grant researching cochlear implants at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
  20. Annemie Verbist (2010) The acquisition of personal pronouns in cochlear-implanted children (promotores: Steven Gillis (U. Antwerpen), Martine Coene (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) and Johan Rooryck)
    Annemie Verbist is an exam developer (docimoloog) at the Opleidingsinstituut Federale Overheid in Brussels.


Editorial service

Professor of French Linguistics

  • Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
  • Leiden Univ Centre for Linguistics
  • LUCL Frans

Work address

van Wijkplaats
Van Wijkplaats 2
2311 BX Leiden
Room number 1.04a



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