Universiteit Leiden

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Global and Comparative Philosophy (MA)

Admission requirements

To be eligible for the MA Philosophy specialisation Global and Comparative Philosophy at Leiden University, you must meet the following admission requirements.

Diploma requirements

You are eligible to apply for the MA Philosophy: Global and Comparative Philosophy if you have:

  • A bachelor’s degree from a Dutch research university in Philosophy: Global and Comparative Perspectives; or
  • a bachelor’s degree in Philosophy from a Dutch research university, provided that you have completed courses in the field of global and comparative philosophy with a total course load of at least 30 EC; or
  • a bachelor’s degree from a research university, equivalent to the level of a Dutch academic Bachelor’s degree in Philosophy: Global and Comparative Perspectives;
  • the ability to formulate a clear philosophical research question, to develop and formulate a critical view on that question, and to support this view by means of argument and analysis (to be determined on the basis of a writing sample); and
  • relevant knowledge of intercultural traditions in philosophy and their history, equivalent to the knowledge obtained in the pre-master’s programme for Global and Comparative Philosophy.

The Board of Admissions will assess whether your degree and background are sufficiently related to the level and content of a bachelor’s degree from a Dutch research university in Philosophy on the basis of the requirements specified above.

If you have a bachelor’s degree from a research university that does not meet the requirements specified above, you may be eligible for the pre-master’s programme. If you have completed the imposed pre-master’s programme, you will be admitted to the relevant specialisation of the Master’s programme. Read more about the pre-master’s programme.

Students with a Bachelor in Philosophy: Global and Comparative Perspectives from Leiden University are directly eligible for admission. Students can apply in Studielink. There is no need to submit an application for admission using the online application portal.

Applicants with a degree from a Dutch university of applied sciences (HBO) or equivalent are not eligible for admission to the Master’s programme in Philosophy (60 EC) and its pre-master’s programme.

Language requirements

In order to succesfully participate in this programme, you must be proficient in English. The following requirements apply:

  • IELTS: 7.0
  • TOEFL (internet-based): 100
  • C2 Proficiency (former CPE) or C1 Advanced (former CAE): 185

For detailed information, including exemption criteria and methods of submission, refer to English language proficiency.

English tests accepted
Note that English test results may not be more than two years old. The following types of English test are accepted: 

  • IELTS: Academic
    • We do not accept IELTS General Training or IELTS Indicator
    • We are not yet able to accept the new IELTS online.
  • TOEFL: internet based
    • We do not accept the following types of test: TOEFL My Best ™ scores (multiple test scores combined), TOEFL Essentials™  or institutional tests such as ITP.
    • We can accept TOEFL IBT Special Home Edition™ or TOEFL IBT Paper Edition™ in the following situations only:
      • You are applying for a programme starting in Feb 2023, or
      • You took the test before 1 Sept 2022 (& it is not more than 2 years old), or
      • You are unable to take an in-person test on location because test centres in your region are closed due to COVID or inaccessible due to unsafe conditions.
  • Cambridge English Exam C2 Proficiency or C1 Advanced, depending on admission criteria

Please note: You do not have to submit proof of proficiency if you have completed your education in the USA, the UK, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia, Canada (except French-taught programmes in Canada) Singapore, South-Africa or Malta, or when you hold an International Baccalaureate, or for Dutch students, if you have completed VWO level English or an English taught bachelor at a Dutch Research University.

>> Go to the next step: Check the application deadlines

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