Global Conflict in the Modern Era (MA)
To be eligible for Global Conflict in the Modern Era at Leiden University, you must meet the following admission requirements.
This programme has a limited capacity. A maximum of 120 places is available (80 in September, 40 in February) on this programme; the Admissions Board ranks the requests for admission on the fulfilment of the requirements below.
- A bachelor’s degree from a research university that matches the level of a Dutch academic Bachelor’s degree, or demonstrate to meet the requirements for such a degree, including general academic skills;
- the bachelor’s degree should be in the field of social sciences, humanities, law or economics, and
- prior education which includes components worth at least 30 EC that are comparable in level, content and course objectives to the following courses of the bachelor’s programme International Studies at Leiden University:
- Global History (5 EC)
- Introduction to International Studies (5 EC)
- Cultural Interaction: a Global Perspective (5 EC) or Communication across Cultures (5 EC)
- Global Political Economy (5 EC)
- International Relations (5 EC)
- Politics of a specific area (i.e. Africa, East Asia, Europe, Latin America, Middle East, North America, Russia and Eurasia, South and Southeast Asia) (5 EC)
In addition, you must also meet the following qualitative admission requirements:
- A good academic record as an indicator of academic excellence, demonstrated by an average grade of at least 7.0 (Dutch grading system), in the Bachelor programme, and
- Other indicators of suitability for the MA programme such as practical experience (e.g. extensive internship experience that required policy input from the intern), successful completion of a BA honours programme, or substantial international work experience in an international field relevant to the programme International Relations, such as diplomacy, advocacy, organisation, or business, and
- Demonstrable motivation to study and familiarity with the MA programme and the specific specialisation(s).
The qualitative admission requirements will be implemented as follows:
If you hold a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field, as indicated above, but are unable to demonstrate via your academic record that you meet the specific requirements set, you are required to submit a 1,250 word essay as part of the admission process:
- In this essay you must demonstrate a clear affinity with and specific knowledge of International Relations in general and specifically in the field of the specialisation for which you apply.
- Specifically, the essay must clearly answer an original research question, provide a reasonable and reasonably well organised argument that demonstrates a satisfactory understanding of the essay topic, demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of historical and/or social science methods, critically engage with the additional reading specified on the Required documents page and contain no fundamental errors.
A good academic record must be shown by a transcript of records/grade list (including the grade of the Bachelor’s thesis and/or average grade).
CV including at least two referees
The other indicators of suitability for the programme, such as extracurricular activities and professional/practical experience, should be demonstrated by the required CV, and/or certificates of extracurricular activities relevant to the MA programme. Your CV should include two referees (at least one from an academic staff member). The Board of Admissions may contact them to verify that you meet the requirements.
Your motivation should be demonstrated by a well-argued and structured motivation letter in which you indicate why you want to follow the MA programme specialisation and convincingly discuss what makes you a good candidate, specifically listing your courses taken including the course objectives and key readings. The statement should be between 700 and 1,500 words.
In order to successfully participate in this programme, you must be proficient in English. The following requirements apply:
- IELTS: 7.0 (for the ‘speaking’ and ‘writing’ components a minimum score of IELTS 7.0)
- TOEFL (internet-based): 100 (for the ‘speaking’ and ‘writing’ components a minimum score of 25)
- C2 Proficiency (former CPE) or C1 Advanced (former CAE): 185
For detailed information, including exemption criteria and methods of submission, refer to English language proficiency.
English tests accepted
Note that English test results may not be more than two years old. The following types of English test are accepted:
- IELTS: Academic
- We do not accept IELTS General Training or IELTS Indicator
- We are not yet able to accept the new IELTS online.
- TOEFL: internet based
- We do not accept the following types of test: TOEFL My Best ™ scores (multiple test scores combined), TOEFL Essentials™ or institutional tests such as ITP.
- We can accept TOEFL IBT Special Home Edition™ or TOEFL IBT Paper Edition™ in the following situations only:
- You are applying for a programme starting in Feb 2023, or
- You took the test before 1 Sept 2022 (& it is not more than 2 years old), or
- You are unable to take an in-person test on location because test centres in your region are closed due to COVID or inaccessible due to unsafe conditions.
- Cambridge English Exam C2 Proficiency or C1 Advanced, depending on admission criteria
Please note: You do not have to submit proof of proficiency if you have completed your education in the USA, the UK, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia, Canada (except French-taught programmes in Canada) Singapore, South-Africa or Malta, or when you hold an International Baccalaureate, or for Dutch students, if you have completed VWO level English or an English taught bachelor at a Dutch Research University.
As mentioned above, Global Conflict in the Modern Era has a limited capacity. The programme will make a selection on the grounds of the following criteria:
- With regard to admission to the programme, the Admissions Board assesses the knowledge and skills of the applicants on the basis of the files they have submitted.
- If necessary the Board can contact the applicant by mail or telephone at any time during the admission procedure in order to gain further information.
- The Admissions Board decides on the basis of this assessment:
- A. which applicants meet the entry requirements of the specialisation – if appropriate on the condition that they have been awarded their bachelor’s degree in time – and can in principle be admitted;
- B. which applicants cannot be admitted because they do not meet the requirements.
- The Board ranks the suitability of the applicants in category A to the specialisation of the MA programme on the basis of the files they have submitted, having regard to the qualitative admission requirements as specified above, and, if the Board has requested this, the further information provided by the applicant.