Matching, entropy, holes and expansions
In this dissertation, matching, entropy, holes and expansions come together. The first chapter is an introduction to ergodic theory and dynamical systems.
- Langeveld, N.D.S.
- 10 december 2019
- Thesis in Leiden Repository
In this dissertation, matching, entropy, holes and expansions come together. The first chapter is an introduction to ergodic theory and dynamical systems. The second chapter is on, what we called Flipped $\alpha$-expansions. For this family we have an invariant measure that is $\sigma$-finite infinite. We calculate the Krengel entropy for a large part of the parameter space and find an explicit expression for the density by using the natural extension. In Chapter 3 Ito Tanaka's $\alpha$-continued fractions are studied. We prove that matching holds almost everywhere and that the non-matching set has full Hausdorff dimension. In the fourth chapter we study $N$-expansions with flips. We use a Gauss-Kuzmin-Levy method to approximate the density for a large family and use this to give an estimation for the entropy. In the last Chapter we look at greedy $\beta$-expansions. We show that for almost every $\beta\in(1,2]$ the set of points $t$ for which the forward orbit avoids the hole $[0,t)$ has infinitely many isolated and infinitely many accumulation points in any neighborhood of zero. Furthermore, we characterize the set of $\beta$ for which there are no accumulation points and show that this set has Hausdorff dimension zero.