Niko Tinbergenlezing 2013
Op 3 mei jongstleden werd de 10e Niko Tinbergenlezing georganiseerd. De lezingen werden dit jaar verzorgd door Steven Pinker en Rivke Jaffe. De beelden van de lezing van Steven Pinker zijn nu online terug te kijken en daarnaast is er een fotoreportage gemaakt.
18:30 – 19:00 uur Ontvangst met koffie en thee in de centrale hal van de Gorlaeus
Laboratoria (zaal open vanaf 18:45 uur)
19:00 – 19:15 uur Welkom
19:15 – 20:45 uur Lezingen:
Dr. Rivke Jaffe - Police, security guards, criminals:
Unconventional security assemblages
Prof.dr. Steven Pinker - A History of Violence
20:45 – 21:30 uur Napraten, signeersessie (vanaf 21:00 uur) en borrel
A History of Violence - Prof.dr. Steven Pinker
Contrary to the popular impression view that we are living in extraordinarily violent times, rates of violence at all scales have been in decline over the course of history. I explore how this decline could have happened despite the existence of a constant human nature.
Steven Pinker is Harvard College Professor and Johnstone Family Professor in the Department of Psychology at Harvard University. He conducts research on language and cognition, writes for publications such as the New York Times, Time and The New Republic, and is the author of eight books, including The Language Instinct, How the Mind Works, Words and Rules, The Blank Slate, The Stuff of Thought, and most recently The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined.
Steven Pinker is an experimental psychologist and one of the world’s foremost writers on language, mind, and human nature. Currently Harvard College Professor and Johnstone Family Professor of Psychology at Harvard University, Pinker has also taught at Stanford and MIT. His research on visual cognition and the psychology of language has won prizes from the National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Institution of Great Britain, the Cognitive Neuroscience Society, and the American Psychological Association. He has also received seven honorary doctorates, several teaching awards at MIT and Harvard, and numerous prizes for his books The Language Instinct, How the Mind Works, and The Blank Slate. He is Chair of the Usage Panel of the American Heritage Dictionary, and often writes for The New York Times, Time, and The New Republic. He has been named Humanist of the Year, Prospect magazine’s “The World’s Top 100 Public Intellectuals,” Foreign Policy’s “100 Global Thinkers,” and Time magazine’s “The 100 Most Influential People in the World Today.”
Source: website Steven Pinker
Police, security guards, criminals: Unconventional security assemblages - Dr. Rivke Jaffe
In recent decades, global processes of neoliberalization have been transforming the role of the state. Increasingly, governance is achieved through networks or assemblages of state, corporate and voluntary actors. The public-private partnerships that are the basis of this type of hybrid governance are especially evident in the context of security. As states shift more of the responsibility for security to non-state actors, the agencies and agents that deliver security and policing services become increasingly diverse. In addition to state security forces such as the police and the military, private security companies, neighbourhood watches and vigilante groups make up the larger ‘security quilt’. In this talk, drawing on examples from Jamaica and the Netherlands, I focus on unconventional security assemblages, in which criminals play an important role as security providers. I discuss what happens when the state shares its monopoly on the legitimate use of force, exploring how the privatization and pluralization of security provision affects the relationship between citizens and the state.
Rivke Jaffe is an Assistant Professor at the Centre for Urban Studies at the University of Amsterdam. She previously held teaching and research positions at Leiden University, the University of the West Indies, and the Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies (KITLV). Her research focuses primarily on intersections of the urban and the political, focusing specifically on the spatialization of power, difference and inequality within cities. Her current research, in Jamaica, studies the complicated relationship between the postcolonial state, criminal leaders and the urban poor.