Universiteit Leiden

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Research project


INFORM (Introduction of the data protection reform to the judicial system) is a project granted by the Directorate-General Justice and Consumers of the European Commission.

2017 - 2019
Bart Custers

Partners: Law and Internet Foundation (Bulgarije), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italië), Inthemis (Frankrijk), Universiteit Göttingen (Duitsland), Masaryk University (Tsjechië), Corvinus University of Budapest (Hongarije), Wroclaw University (Polen), University of Cyprus (Cyprus), Comenius University Bratislava (Slowakije).

As of May 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will come into force. At the same time, EU member states have to implement before that date EU Directive 2016-680 regarding the protection of personal data in criminal law. The main goal of INFORM is to train trainers in all member states, in order to ensure the effective and coherent application of data protection legislation in the judicial system. For this purpose, training materials and methodologies will be developed, information days and workshops will be organized and an e-learning program will be set up. In total 180 trainers will be educated. Within the project, different target groups are distinguished, such as the judiciary, legal practitioners and court staff. eLaw will mainly focus on the introduction of Directive 2016-680 and the judiciary.

The project started in October 2017 in Sofia, Bulgaria, and takes one and a half years.


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·        Custers, B.H.M., Dechesne, F., Georgieva, I.N., Sears, A.M., Tani, T., and Van der Hof, S. (2019) EU Personal Data Protection in Policy and Practice, Heidelberg: Asser/Springer.
·         Custers, B.H.M. (2018) Profiling as Inferred data: Amplifier Effects and Positive Feedback Loops. In: E. Bayamlioglu, I. Baraliuc, L. Janssens, M. Hildebrandt (eds.) Being Profiled: Cogitas ergo Sum, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, p. 112-115.
·        Custers, B.H.M. (2018) Methods of data research for law, in: Mak, V., Tjong Tjin Tai, E., and Berlee, A. (eds.) Research Handbook in Data Science and Law, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, p. 355-377.
·        Custers, B., Dechesne, F., Pieters, W., Schermer, B., and Hof, S. van der (2018) Consent and Privacy, in: Andreas Müller and Peter Schaber (eds.) Handbook of the Ethics of Consent, London: Routledge, p. 247-258.
·        Malgieri, G., and Custers, B. (2018) Pricing privacy: the right to know the value of your personal data, Computer Law & Security Review, Vol. 34, Nr. 2, p. 289-303, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0267364917302819?via%3Dihub
·       Custers, B., Dechesne, F., Sears, A., Tani, T., Van der Hof, S. (2018) A comparison of data protection legislation and policies across the EU, Computer Law & Security Review, Vol. 34, Nr. , p. 234-243, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0267364917302856?via%3Dihub
·        Custers, B.H.M., en Leeuw, F. (2017) Legal big data, Nederlands Juristenblad, afl. 34, p. 2449-2456.

Any publication is created within the context of the project “INtroduction of the data protection reFORM to the judicial system” (INFORM). The project is funded by the European Union’s Justice Programme (2014-2020) under Grant Agreement № 763866. The content of this publication represents the views of the author only and is his/her sole responsibility. The European Commission does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains.

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