Universiteit Leiden

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Dissertation

Phenotypic screening with 3D cell-based assays

Traditional drug discovery approaches have been hampered by (in vitro) cell-culture models that poorly represent the situation in the human body.

Author
Booij, T.H.
Date
19 December 2017
Links
Thesis in Leiden Repository

Traditional drug discovery approaches have been hampered by (in vitro) cell-culture models that poorly represent the situation in the human body. Principally, cells grow in the body in a three-dimensional (3D) environment that cannot generally be captured using cell culture methods. For this reason, cell-culture models have been developed where cells grow in a 3D-environment, which allows them to form structures that are more comparable to tissue in the body. However, the full complexity of these advanced cell-culture models can only be fully used for routine drug testing if the cell culture model can be used on a large scale (also termed high-throughput screening or HTS), and if the readout can capture all of the biological complexity reflected by the 3D-cultured cells (high-content screening or HCS). Due to these technological limitations, 3D cellular models are not yet routinely applied in drug and drug-target discovery. This thesis describes the development of fully-scalable 3D cell-culture screening platforms in the context of cancer and polycystic kidney disease.

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