Phenotypic screening with 3D cell-based assays
Traditional drug discovery approaches have been hampered by (in vitro) cell-culture models that poorly represent the situation in the human body.
- Booij, T.H.
- 19 December 2017
- Thesis in Leiden Repository
Traditional drug discovery approaches have been hampered by (in vitro) cell-culture models that poorly represent the situation in the human body. Principally, cells grow in the body in a three-dimensional (3D) environment that cannot generally be captured using cell culture methods. For this reason, cell-culture models have been developed where cells grow in a 3D-environment, which allows them to form structures that are more comparable to tissue in the body. However, the full complexity of these advanced cell-culture models can only be fully used for routine drug testing if the cell culture model can be used on a large scale (also termed high-throughput screening or HTS), and if the readout can capture all of the biological complexity reflected by the 3D-cultured cells (high-content screening or HCS). Due to these technological limitations, 3D cellular models are not yet routinely applied in drug and drug-target discovery. This thesis describes the development of fully-scalable 3D cell-culture screening platforms in the context of cancer and polycystic kidney disease.