Multi-Biomarker Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Relationships of Central Nervous Systems Active Dopaminergic Drugs
Discovery and development of Central Nervous System (CNS) drugs is hampered by high attrition rates.
- Brink, W.J. van den
- 21 November 2018
- Thesis in Leiden Repository
Discovery and development of Central Nervous System (CNS) drugs is hampered by high attrition rates. One of the reasons is the lack of blood-based biomarkers that represent the interaction between the drug and the neurological systems of interest. Here we present a systems-pharmacology approach that combines a multi-biomarker approach (e.g. metabolomics) with pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling to reveal quantitative pharmacological characteristics that are relevant to dopaminergic drug action. Moreover, we set out to identify biomarkers that can be obtained from the blood as non-invasive sampling site. In the first section of this thesis the methodology is introduced in the context of translational CNS drug development. Moreover, a systematic search is performed to available biomarkers of dopaminergic drug action. Then, in the second part, the multi-biomarker PK/PD approach is applied to biomarkers from the neuroendocrine system as connection between brain and blood. In the third section, the methodology is developed using the simultaneous, time-resolved metabolomics response in brain extracellular fluid and plasma. By applying multi-biomarker PK/PD modeling we revealed quantitative pharmacological characteristics of dopaminergic drugs with regard to multiple biological processes. Moreover, we identified potential blood-based biomarkers of dopaminergic effect in the brain.