Universiteit Leiden

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Philosophy in World Traditions (MA)

Admission requirements

To be eligible for Philosophy in World Traditions at Leiden University, you must meet the following admission requirements.

Diploma requirements

The following diploma requirements apply for this programme:

  • You should have a bachelor’s degree from a research university, equivalent to the level of a Dutch academic Bachelor’s degree;
  • The bachelor's degree should be in a discipline relevant to Philosophy in World Traditions: Asian studies or Middle Eastern studies; 
  • You should have the ability to formulate a clear philosophical research question, to develop and formulate a critical view on that question, and to support this view by means of argument and analysis, to be determined on the basis of a writing sample;
  • You have completed the pre-Master's programme. Read more here.

Language requirements

In order to successfully participate in this programme, you must be proficient in English. The following requirements apply:

  • IELTS: 7.0
  • TOEFL (internet-based): 100
  • IELTS: 7.0
  • TOEFL (internet-based): 100
  • Cambridge C1 Advanced (former CAE) 185
  • Cambridge C2 Proficiency (former CPE)

For detailed information, including exemption criteria and methods of submission, refer to English language proficiency.

English tests accepted
Results may not be more than two years old! 

  • IELTS: academic modules only 
  • TOEFL: internet based
    • We do not accept TOEFL My Best ™ scores (multiple test scores combined). The sufficient score must be obtained in one individual test. Also not accepted are institutional tests such as ITP.
    • We are able to accept the TOEFL Special Home Edition™  for admission to the academic years 2020-2021 and 2021-2022.
  • Cambridge English Exam C2 Proficiency or C1 Advanced, depending on admission criteria

Please note: You do not have to submit proof of proficiency if you have completed your education in Canada (except French-taught programmes in Canada), USA, UK, Ireland, New Zealand or Australia, or when you hold an International Baccalaureate, or for Dutch students, if you have completed VWO level English or an English taught bachelor at a Dutch Research University.

>> Go to the next step: Step 2: Check the application deadlines

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