Universiteit Leiden

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Research project

Self-regulation in boys with ODD/CD

Understanding individual differences in self-regulation in boys with ODD/CD on the level of brain, cognition and behavior

2011 - 2016
Sophie van Rijn

Utrecht University
Cardiff University

Children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) or conduct disorder (CD) are at great risk to develop other negative outcomes, such school dropout, delinquency, unemployment, depression, anxiety and other psychiatric problems to name a few. In order to understand and positively influence antisocial and aggressive behavior it is useful to look at the underlying processes on the level of cognition and neurobiology, since these processes represent the mechanisms underlying behavior. Of interest is the functioning of the two main human stress regulation systems: autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamic-pituiry-adrenal axis (HPA axis).

Studying cognitive abilities, such as processing of information and regulation of emotion, thought and behavior, i.e. self-regulation, might provide important information why children show antisocial and aggressive behavior, and is more sensitive and specific in interpreting impairments in predisposition. Furthermore, knowledge about brain functioning and cognition might provide important information to understand individual differences in behavior, and might also explain individual differences in responsivity to treatment and outcome.

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