Universiteit Leiden

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Research project

Longitudinal brain development (Brain Time study)

How is structural and functional brain development related to behavioral change in cognitive-control, impulse regulation, and socio-emotional functioning?

Eveline Crone
• The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)

One of the main challenges of developmental cognitive neuroscience studies is to track changes in brain and behavior longitudinally. Within this research line we are currently investigating developmental changes in childhood, adolescence and emerging adulthood in three domains: cognitive control, impulse regulation and social-emotional functions. The part which focuses on cognitive control examines changes in learning and learning strategies. Impulse regulation is investigated by means of risk taking, delay of gratification and impulsive aggression. The part in which social-emotional development is examined, focuses on reward processing and prosocial behavior. All functions are examined in relation to structural brain development (gray matter density and white matter tracts) and the role of gonadal hormones. Using multi-level models of change, we are testing changes in developmental trajectories over time. In addition, we test how brain structure and function predicts future academic and social outcomes. (for more information see www.juniorhersenen.nl/braintime)

Connection with other research