Universiteit Leiden

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Research project

PUMA (Prospecting the Urban Mines of Amsterdam)

PUMA aims at composing a geological map of the urban mine of Amsterdam for a selection of metals. Where are main deposits of copper, iron and aluminium located, when will they become available for secondary production, in what state and shape are they?

2015 - 2016
Ruben Huele
Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solution (AMS)


  • TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
  • De Waag Amsterdam
  • Metabolic, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

We will combine the detailed information of the Amsterdam built environment with general knowledge on cities’ metabolism and data on the metal content of different types of buildings to generate a map of the urban mine. This project can be seen as a pilot project for further research.


Downloads and more information

For information on the AMS research program, see http://www.ams-institute.org/home

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