Studies on molecular basics of metabolic syndrome in zebrafish
The research described in this thesis has, using the zebrafish as a model system, shed new light on the intricate relationship between TB and DM2, in particular on the role of leptin, SHP-1 and glucocorticoids.
- Nowik, N.
- 30 March 2022
- Thesis in Leiden Repository
The research described in this thesis has, using the zebrafish as a model system, shed new light on the intricate relationship between TB and DM2, in particular on the role of leptin, SHP-1 and glucocorticoids.Leptin plays an important role during TB infection and has a huge impact on insulin sensitivity in zebrafish larvae. Similarly to what has been observed in the murine model, leptin deficiency in zebrafish increased the bacterial burden and mortality during the infection, leading to hyperglycemia and the development of insulin resistance. In addition, a novel SHP-1/SHP-2 inhibitor, NSC-87877, was shown to represent a promising anti-diabetic drug that can be used for further DM2 research, as it is able to rescue the phenotype of the leptin-deficient zebrafish and to restore glucose transport to the tissues. In contrast to metformin, NSC-87877 can act at very early developmental stages and inhibits the function of SHP-1 and factors that underlay impaired glucose metabolism, whereas metformin is mostly known to improve insulin sensitivity. Additionally, treatment with the glucocorticoid beclomethasone attenuates the metabolic changes associated with the infection, and transcriptional alterations induced by beclomethasone treatment suggest that genes involved in glucose metabolism, insulin and leptin signaling all play an important role in the modulation of the metabolism.Our data show that zebrafish larvae represent an interesting model system to investigate the complex pathology of TB, and the studies described in this thesis in which this model has been used have provided novel insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying wasting syndrome and the possibilities for adjunctive glucocorticoid therapy to alleviate this metabolic state.