Indanes-Properties, Preparation, and Presence in Ligands for G Protein Coupled Receptors
The indane (2,3-dihydro-1H-indene) ring system is an attractive scaffold for biologically active compounds due to the combination of aromatic and aliphatic properties fused together in one rigid system.
- Vilums, M.; Heuberger, J.; Heitman, L.H.; IJzerman, A.P.
- 27 May 2015
- Online publication
This bicyclic structure provides a wide range of possibilities to incorporate specific substituents in different directionalities, thus being an attractive scaffold for medicinal chemists. Notably, many indane-based compounds are being used in the clinic to treat various diseases, such as indinavir, an HIV-1 protease inhibitor; indantadol, a potent Monoamine Oxidase (MAO)-inhibitor; the amine uptake inhibitor indatraline; and the ultra-long-acting β-adrenoceptor agonist indacaterol. Given the diversity of targets these drugs act on, one could argue that the indane ring system is a privileged substructure. In the present review, the synthetic and medicinal chemistry of the indane ring system is described. In more detail, it contains a comprehensive overview of compounds bearing the indane substructure with G protein coupled receptor (GPCR) activity, with particular emphasis on their structure-activity relationships (SAR).