Universiteit Leiden

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Lennart Kruijer

PhD candidate

L.W. Kruijer MA
+31 71 527 1998

Lennart Wouter Kruijer holds a BA (2011) and RMA (2015) in Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology and currently works as a PhD-candidate in the VICI-project Innovating Objects. The Impact of Global Connections and the Formation of the Roman Empire (ca. 200 –30 BC) directed by Prof. Dr. Miguel John Versluys.


His research, Itinerant semantics in Late Hellenistic Samosata: the impact of global objects, intends to unlock and analyze the excavation data pertaining to the rescue excavations of a Late Hellenistic palatial structure in Samosata, located on the west bank of the Euphrates river in modern Turkey. These excavations were conducted between 1979 and 1989 by the University of Ankara (directed by Nimet Özgüç) and were located on top of the central höyük of the ancient capital of the kingdom of Commagene.

Their results have remained largely unpublished and consequently have played little or no role in academic debates about Commagenian archaeology, Hellenistic palatial architecture, royal self-representation and cultural innovation in the Hellenistic East. This is undeservedly so, as the monumental palatial context under scrutiny (ca. 1700 m2) is a remarkable example of cultural eclecticism, bringing together styles, materials, architectural features, decorative techniques and object classes that derive from all across Eurasia.

Having acquired access to both the unpublished finds and the excavation reports, this research seizes the unique opportunity to provide the first all-encompassing publication of this important Late Hellenistic palatial structure. More specifically, this research intends to interpret the palatial structure in its wider Eurasian context by placing central questions about the impact of novel, non-local objects, thereby rethinking the locus of agency in processes of Hellenization and, more broadly, cultural innovation in central Eurasia.

Side activities

  • Member of the Research committee
  • Member of the Phd-committee
  • Organiser of the Archaeological Forum

PhD candidate

  • Faculteit Archeologie
  • World Archaeology
  • Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology

Work address

Van Steenis
Einsteinweg 2
2333 CC Leiden
Room number B1.03



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