Universiteit Leiden

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Harry Stroomer

Professor emeritus of Afroasiatic Languages

Prof.dr. H.J. Stroomer
+31 71 527 2125


Prof Stroomer is a field-work oriented descriptive linguist focusing on linguistic diversity in North Africa and the Middle East. He has a warm interest in local cultures, material culture and linguistic anthropology. He did fieldwork in Egypt, Kenya, Somalia, Morocco and Yemen. He studied languages in the Semitic, Cushitic and Berber group of the Afroasiatic language family.


South Semitic Studies:

  • Linguistic diversity in Oman and Yemen: Texts in and linguistic analysis of Modern South Arabian Languages (Semitic languages spoken in Yemen and Oman)
  • Coordinator for the Oosters Instituut of the project: Transcription of the collection of South Arabian inscriptions on wood in the Leiden University Library, by Prof Drewes and Prof Ryckmans.

Berber Studies:

  • Dictionnaire Tachelhiyt-Francais
  • Ethnographic texts in Tachelhiyt Berber
  • Oral litature in Tachelhiyt Berber



Hendrikus Joseph (Harry) Stroomer was born on 22 November 1946 in Alkmaar, The Netherlands. He received primary education (1953-1959) and secondary education (Gymnasium, 1959-1965) in his home town.

From 1966-1976 he studied Arabic, Assyriology, Comparative Semitic Linguis­tics, General Linguistics, and various Ethiopian languages at both Amsterdam University and Leiden Universi­ty. In the academic year 1971-1972 he studied Arabic at Cairo University. In 1976 he passed his "doc­toraal" (MA) exam with Arabic, Islamic studies, Classical Ethiopic, Epigraphic South Arabian and Comparative Semitic Linguis­tics as major subjects.

From November 1976 he is included in the staff of the section of Arabic (including Berber and South Semitic languages of the Arabic-Persian-Turkish teaching program within the Department of Languages and Cultures of the Middle East of Leiden University as an associate professor.

In the period 1976-1980 he participated in various linguistic workshops at the University of Amsterdam.

From 1978-1987 he worked on Cushitic languages (Oromo dialects, Burji and Somali). In 1978-1979, 1980 and 1983 he did fieldwork in Kenya, among the Boraana Oromo (Marsabit), the Orma Oromo (Tana River) and the Waata Oromo (near Malindi). The results of this fieldwork were pub­lished in a Ph.D. submitted in 1987 at Leiden University entitled: A Compara­tive Study of Three Southern Oromo Dialects in Kenya, first published by Buske Verlag, and two monographs published by Köppe Verlag.

From 1986 onwards he has been teaching Berber languages and encourages research on these languages.

From Februari 1st, 2002 he is full professor of Afroasiatic, in particular Berber and the Semitic languages of Arabia and Ethiopia.

Fellow of the Fonds Arsène Roux at the MMSH / IREMAM (CNRS) Aix-en-Provence (because of Berbers studies).

Member of the:

  • editing board of Journal of African Languages and Linguistics.
  • editorial board of the Stichting De Goeje.
  • founder (2001) and editor of Berber Studies, published with Rüdiger Köppe Verlag / Keulen (Google Berber Studies Stroomer)
  • the central Comité Scientifique of the international Journal Etudes et Documents berbères
  • équipe website Ouahmi Ould Braham Multimedia
  • editorial Board Studia Semitica Neerlandica (Brill)
  • member of the editorial Board of Folia Orientalia, published by the Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow Branch.

    H.J. Stroomer is married, with three children.


Key publications

  • (2001) An anthology of Tashelhiyt Berber Folktales (Morocco), Koeppe Verlag.
  • (2001) "Islamic poetry of Oromos in Northern Kenya", Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere, Maerz, pp. 71-102.
  • (2000) Textes Berbères des Guedmioua et Goundafa, Haut-Atlas, Maroc. Edisud, Aix-en-Provence.
  • (1999) Mehri texts from Oman, based on the fieldmaterials of Prof. Johnstone, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 302 pp.
  • (1995) A Grammar of Boraana Oromo, Koeppe Verlag, Cologne, 315 pp.

An overview of all publications can be found under 'Published work' (top page).



The topics of his teaching at Leiden University include:

  • Introduction to Berber languages and cultures
  • Tashelhiyt Berber (South Morocco)
  • Classical Ethiopic
  • Epigraphic South Arabian
  • Compara­tive Semitic Linguistics
  • Arabic dialectology
  • Arabic linguistic diversity
  • Moroccan Arabic
  • Oromo

Professor emeritus of Afroasiatic Languages

  • Faculty of Humanities
  • Leiden Univ Centre for Linguistics
  • LUCL diversen
  • Stroomer H.J. (2011), A berber gentlemen scholar: the autobiography of Ibarhim al-Kunki. Mettouchi A. (Ed.), Parcours berbères, Mélanges offerts à Paulette Galand-Pernet et Lionel Galand pour leur 90e anniversaire. . Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. 247-266.
  • Stroomer H.J., Kossmann M.G., Ibriszimow D. & Vossen R. (Eds.) (2010), Études berbères V. Essais sur des variations dialectales et autres articles. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer H.J. (Ed.) (2010), Review of Hasan al-Shamy, Types of the Folktale in the Arab World. Leiden: NINO.
  • Stroomer Harry & Oomen Stanly (2010), T.F. Mitchell, Zuaran Berber (Libya) Grammar and Texts. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (2009), Berbers en Berbertalen. In: Amazigh A. (Ed.), Opkomst / Anqar. Schoorldam: arroyo. 11-14.
  • Vossen Rainer, Ibriszimow Dymitr & Stroomer Harry (Eds.) (2009), Etudes Berbères IV, Essais lexicologiques et lexicographiques et autres articles. Keulen: Köppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (2009), Pound and Half Pound, a picaresque folktale in Tashelhiyt Berber. In: Chaker S., Mettouchi A. & Philippson G. (Eds.), Etudes de phonetique et linguistique berberes. Leuven, Parijs: Peeters. 327-340.
  • Stroomer Harry (2008), Arsène Roux, Textes en parler des musulmanes de Meknès (Maroc). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (2008), T.F. Mitchell (1919-2007) and his Zuara Berber materials, Etudes et Documents Berbères 27: 203-204.
  • Stroomer Harry (2008), The argan tree and its Tashelhiyt Berber lexicon, Etudes et Documents Berbères 27: 99-113.
  • Stroomer Harry (2008), Three Tashelhiyt Berber texts from the Arsène Roux archives. Lubotsky A., Schaeken J. & Wiedenhof J. (Eds.), Evidence and Counter-Evidence. Essays in Honour of Frederik Kortlandt. Volume 2: General Linguistics. . Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi. 389-397.
  • Stroomer Harry (2007), Arsène Roux, Textes berbères du Maroc central, textes originaux en transcription. Köln: Köppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (2007), Berbers en Berbertalen, Sahara Berichten 58: 2-3.
  • Stroomer Harry (2007), In memoriam Abraham Johannes Drewes (18-7-1927-19-10-2007), Bibliotheca Orientalis 65(3-4): 289-294.
  • Stroomer Harry (2007), In memoriam Abraham Johannes Drewes (18-7-1927-19-10-2007), Mare di Libri nov. 2007(31): 12-12.
  • Stroomer Harry (2007), Les manuscrits berbères en Tachelhit. Ipert S. & Marty B. (Eds.), Les Manuscrits Berbères au Maghreb et dans les collections européennes. Actes des journées d'étude d'Aix-en-Provence 9 et 10 décembre 2002. Arles: Atelier Perrousseaux. 49-56.
  • Stroomer Harry (2007), Quatre emprunts anciens au néerlandai en berbère tachelhiyt. Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines, Université Hassan II, Mohammedia, Université Cadi Ayyad Marrakech & Institut néerlandais au Maroc (NIMAR) (Eds.), L'eau entre Moulin et Noria, actes du Colloque, Marrakech, 14-16 novembre2005, Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines, Université Hassan II, Mohammedia, Université Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech, Institut néerlandais au Maroc (NIMAR). . Rabat: NIMAR. 135-139.
  • Stroomer Harry (2007), The argan tree of South Morocco, an ethnographic note. Vrolijk A.J.M. & Hogendijk J.P. (Eds.), O ye gentlemen. Arabic studies on science and literary Culture. In honour of Remke Kruk. . Leiden/Boston: Brill. 171-180.
  • Ibriszimow Dymitr, Vossen Rainer & Stroomer Harry (Eds.) (2006), Etudes Berbères III, Le nom, le pronom et autres articles. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (2006), Ikkattinn, Berberse volksverhalen uit Zuid-Marokko. Amsterdam: Rozenberg Publishers.
  • Stroomer Harry (2005), A Customary Law Document from the Ida Oultit Berber (South Morocco), Studi Magrebini, Nuova Serie 3(Nuova Seri): 239-259.
  • Stroomer Harry (2005) Boekbespreking. Review of: Nayeem M.A. (2001), Origin of Ancient Writing in Arabia and New Scripts from Oman. An Introduction to South Semitic Epigraphy and Paleography no. 1-2. Hyderabad: Hyderabad Publishers. Bibliotheca Orientalis LXII: 178-181.
  • Stroomer H.J. (2005) Boekbespreking. Review of: Arbach M. (2002), Les noms propres du Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum no. 1-2. Paris: Accadémie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. Bibliotheca Orientalis LXII: 177-178.
  • Stroomer H. (2005), Harsusi texts on website Heidelberg Semitistik, Internet WWW-publicatie : .
  • Stroomer Harry (2005), Les trésors littéraires du Sud marocain. Kich Aziz (Ed.), La littérature amazighe, Oralité et Ecriture, Spécificités et Perspectives. Colloque international. Rabat: Institut Royal de la Culture Amazighe. 89-102.
  • Stroomer Harry (2004) Boekbespreking. Review of: Burtea B., Zwei äthiopische Zauberrollen no. 3/4. Berlin: Seminar für Semitistik und Arabistik FUB. Bibliotheca Orientalis LXI: 425-427.
  • Stroomer H.J. (2004) Boekbespreking. Review of: Nakano A., Ethnographical texts in Moroccan Berber, vol. 3 no. 3/4. Tokyo: Inst. SLCAA. Bibliotheca Orientalis LXI: 422-425.
  • Stroomer Harry & Saadouni Mohamed (2004), Het zal je maar gebeuren! Over voorstellingen van het kwaad bij Marokkaanse Berbers. Burg Cors van der & Minnema Lourens (Eds.), In de ban van het Kwaad. Tentoonstelling december 2004 - september 2005 "All about Evil". Zoetermeer: Meinema. 13-26.
  • Stroomer Harry (2004), La tradition des manuscrits berbères en tachelhiyt. Hammam M. (Ed.), Le manuscrit amazighe, son importance et ses domaines. Colloque sur le manuscrit amazighe. Rabat: Institut Royal de la Culture Amazigh. 17-31.
  • Stroomer Harry (2004), Tashelhiyt Berber Texts from the Ida u Tanan (South Morocco). Keulen: Ruediger Koeppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (2004), Texts from Oman, based on the Field Materials of T.M. Johnstone. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
  • Stroomer Harry (2004), The Arabic dialect of women in Meknès (Morocco): Gender linked Sound Changes?. Haak M. den, Jong R. de & Versteegh K. (Eds.), Approaches to Arabic Dialects, a Collection of articles presented to Manfred Woidich on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday. Sixtieth birthday of Prof. Manfred Woidich. Leiden/Boston: Brill. 291-307.
  • Stroomer Harry (2003), 25 jaar Berberse studies in Nederland, Sharqiyyât: Journal of the Dutch Association for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies 15(1-2): 43-67.
  • Stroomer Harry & Peyron M. (2003), Catalogue des archives berbères du "Fonds Arsène Roux". Keulen: Ruediger Koeppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (2003), Tashelhiyt Berber Folktales and Riddles from the Ida Ou Tanan region (Western High Atlas, Morocco), Papers of the Oriental Institute, issue III, studia semitica, Moscow. . Orientalia 315-330.
  • Stroomer Harry (2003), Tashelhiyt Berber Texts from the Ayt Brayyim, Lakhsas and Guedmioua Region (South Morocco). Keulen: Koeppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (2003), Vrolijke Berberse verhalen uit de Sous (Zuid-Marokko). Seyed-Gohrab A.A. & Haar J.G.J. ter (Eds.), "De band met u, mijn vriend, verbreek ik niet". Liber Amicorum voor Kamil Banak. Liber Amicorum voor Kamil Banak. Leiden: Opl. TCIMO. 125-132.
  • Stroomer Harry (8 October 2002). In de schaduw van het Arabisch. Leiden. [inaugural address].
  • Ryckmans J., Stroomer Harry & Casse P. (2002), Een nieuwe uitdaging in de Semitische epigrafie: Oudzuidarabische inscripties op hout, Phoenix: bulletin uitgegeven door het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap Ex Oriente Lux 48: 1414-156.
  • Stroomer Harry (2002), Hmad Unamir, een beroemd sprookje uit de Tashelhiyt Berberse verteltraditie, Arqas, Nieuwsbrief van de Stichting Taznakhte 2: 6-9.
  • Stroomer Harry (2002), Magic parchment scrolls from Ethiopia. Arnold Werner & Bobzin Hartmut (Eds.), "Sprich doch mit deinen Knechten aramäisch, wir verstehen es!" 60 Beiträge zur Semitistik, Festschrift fuer Otto Jastrow zum 60. Geburtstag. Festschrift fuer Otto Jastrow zum 60. Geburtstag. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag. 685-695.
  • Stroomer Harry (2002), Manuscrits berbères du Sud marocain. Marty Bruno (Ed.), MANUMED, Compte-rendu de la réunion de Tanger du 24 janvier 2002: Les manuscrits berbères au Maghreb et les fonds berbères dans les collections européennes. Congres. Arles: Centre de Conservation des Livres. 5-8.
  • Stroomer Harry (2002), Sidi Hmad U Musa of Tazerwalt (South Morocco) and the Tashelhiyt Berber Oral Tradition, Etudes et Documents Berbères 19-20: 43-64.
  • Stroomer Harry (2002), Sprookjes uit Noordoost-Marokko. Vrolijk Arnoud (Ed.), De taal der engelen, 1250 jaar klassiek Arabisch Proza. . Amsterdam/Antwerpen: Contact. 567-579.
  • Stroomer Harry (2002), Tashelhiyt Berber Folktales from Tazerwalt (South Morocco). A linguistic reanalysis of Hans Stumme's Tazerwalt texts, with an English translation. Köln: Ruediger Koeppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (2002), The cat in Tashelhiyt Berber texts. Schmidt Jan (Ed.), Essays in honour of Barbara Flemming, vol. 2 = Journal of Turkish Studies volume 26/1. 0ste verjaardag Prof. Barbara Flemming. Harvard University: Department Near Eastern Languages and Civilisations. 245-251.
  • Stroomer Harry (2002), The first Tashelhiyt Berber folktale in the European tradition: de Slane 1856. Naït-Zerrad Kamal (Ed.), Articles de linguistique berbère, Mémorial Werner Vycichl. Mémorial Werner Vycichl. Paris: L'Harmattan. 391-402.
  • Stroomer H.J., Azalam K. & Coucou B. (2 June 2001), Berbers is geen minderwaardig Arabisch dialect. Trouw: 25-25.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001) Abdallah Elmountassir, Initiation au Tachelhit. Review of: Elmountassir A. (2001), Initiation au Tachelhit, Langue berbere du Sud du Maroc, Ra nsawal Tachelhit no. 2. Paris: L'Asiateque, Langues & Mondes. Sharqiyyât: Journal of the Dutch Association for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies 13: 167-172.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001), A Concise Vocabulary of Orma Oroma (Kenya): Orma-English, English-Orma. Koeln: Ruediger Koeppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001), An Anthology of Tashelhiyt Berber Folktales (South Morocco). Keulen: Ruediger Koeppe Verlag / Köln.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001), A Tashelhiyt Berber tale from the Goundafa region (High Atlas, Morocco). Zaborski A. (Ed.), New Data and New Methods in Afroasiatic Linguistics, Robert Hetzron in memoriam. Robert Hetzron im Memoriam. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. 183-193.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001) Boekbespreking. Review of: Rainer K. (2001), Tasnacht, Teppichkunst und traditionelles Handwerk der Berber Südmarokkes no. 1. Graz - Austria: ADEVA. Sharqiyyât: Journal of the Dutch Association for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies 13: 79-83.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001), "Consequent onnozel", een type verhaal in de Berberse vertelkunst van Zuid-Marokko, Sahara Berichten 33: 9-9.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001), Differenziazione dialettale nel berbero tachelhiyt (Marocco), Confronto, Riflessioni sui modelli di sviluppo VII(13): 51-64.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001), Islamic Poetry of Oromos in Northern Kenya, Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere 65: 71-102.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001) Ondeugende Berberverhalen uit Zuid-Marokko. Review of: Leguil A. (2001), Contes berbères grivois du Haut-Atlas no. 10. Paris: L'harmattan. Sahara Berichten 34: 9-9.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001) recensie. Review of: Prasse K.-G. (2001), Asaggalaf Tamajeq-Tafransist/Lexique Touareg-Français no. 1. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 22: 99-101.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001), Recente publicaties over rotstekeningen in de Sahara, Sahara Berichten 36: 6-6.
  • Stroomer Harry (2001), Textes Berbères des Guedmioua et Goundafa (Haut-Atlas Maroc). Aix-en-Provence: Edisud.
  • Stroomer Harry (2000), An early European source on Berber. Chaker S. & Zaborski A. (Eds.), Etudes berbères et chamito-sémitiques, Mélanges offerts à Karl-G. Prasse. . Paris/Louvain: Peeters. 303-316.
  • Brenier-Estrine C., Stroomer Harry, Boogert N. van den & Peyron M. (2000), Les berbères. In: , Ecritures du Maroc, album de l'exposition. Aix-en-Provence: Centre des archives d'outre-mer. 31-47.
  • Stroomer Harry (2000), L'évangile de Saint Jean en berbère tachelhiyt (Maroc). Paris: ACEB-internetsite.
  • Stroomer Harry (2000), Rain ceremonies at Imi n Tala, High Atlas (Morocco), Almogaren 31: 125-132.
  • Stroomer Harry (2000) recensie. Review of: Prasse K.-G. (2000), Lexique Touareg-Francais. Kopenhagen: The Carsten Niebuhr Institute. Sahara Berichten 31: 6-6.
  • Stroomer Harry (1999), Berbers en Berbertalen van Marokko, Soera. Tijdschrift over het Midden-Oosten & Noord-Afrika december: 33-37.
  • Stroomer Harry (1999) Boekbespreking. Review of: Rodrigue A. (2000), L'art rupestre du Haut Atlas marocain. Paris: L'harmattan. Institutum Canarium-Nachrichten 83: 37-40.
  • Stroomer Harry (1999), De Zuidsemitische Talen. Loose J. (Ed.), De Talen van het Oude Oosten. . Leiden/Leuven: Ex Oriente Lux/Peeters. 177-197.
  • Lakhsassi A. & Stroomer Harry (1999), La vie et l'oeuvre d'Az'ry, rrays berbère du Sud marocain, Etudes et Documents Berbères 17: 175-197.
  • Stroomer Harry (1999), Mehri texts from Oman, based on field materials of Prof. Johnstone. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
  • Stroomer Harry (1998), Dialect differentiation in Tachelhiyt Berber (Morocco). El Medlaoui M. & et al. (Eds.), Actes du 1er congres Chamito-Sémitique de Fes. . Fes: NN. 37-49.
  • Stroomer Harry (1998), Een roos in de rivierbedding: Ajddig n isaffn, Marokkaans Berber cultuurfestival : 9-9.
  • Stroomer Harry (1998), Fatima Tabaamrant, enkele teksten van haar liederen met een vertaling in het Nederlands, Brochure 4-8 novembe 1998. . Utrecht: RASA. 1-21.
  • Stroomer Harry (1998), Onze contes berbères en Tachelhiyt d'Agadir, Etudes et Documents Berbères 15-16: 115-139.
  • Stroomer Harry (1998), Zuidsemitische talen, Phoenix: bulletin uitgegeven door het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap Ex Oriente Lux 44(2/3): 227-247.
  • Kossmann M.G. & Stroomer Harry (1997), Berber Phonology, Phonologies of Asia and Africa : 461-475.
  • Stroomer Harry (1997), Enkele teksten van Raqiyya Demseriyya, Berberse zangeres uit de Sous, Brochure. . Utrecht: RASA. 1-20.
  • Stroomer Harry (1997), Textes berbères des Aït Ouaouzguite recueillis par Pierre Amard. Aix-en-Provence: Edisud.
  • Stroomer Harry (1996), De Arganboom in Zuidwest-Marokko, De Baobab 12(1): 38-39.
  • Stroomer Harry (1996), Mehri Texts collected by the late Professor T.M. Johnstone, Israel Oriental Studies XVI: 271-288.
  • Stroomer Harry (1995), A Grammar of Boraana Oromo. Köln: Rüdiger-Köppe Verlag.
  • Stroomer Harry (1995), Textes berbères des Aït Souab (Anti-Atlas) recueillis par le capitaine Jean Podeur, édités et annotés. Aix-en-Provence: Edisud.
  • Stroomer Harry (1987), A comparative study of three southern Oromo dialects in Kenya (Dissertatie, Leiden University). Supervisor(s): Kortlandt F.H.H.
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