Universiteit Leiden

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Research project

Maritime Conflict Management in Atlantic Europe, 1200-1600

What can we learn from how maritime conflicts were managed in the past? What significance did Maritime Conflict Management have in shaping the standards of diplomacy and international law in pre-modern Atlantic Europe (1200-1600)?

Duration
2016  -   2019
Contact
Louis Sicking
Funding
Internationalisation in the Humanities Internationalisation in the Humanities
Partners

Future activities

Conference on Conflict Management in the Atlantic, the North Sea and the Baltic, 1200-1600: Actors, Institutions and Practices of Dispute Settlement, Law Faculty, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam / Institute for History, Universiteit Leiden. Amsterdam and Leiden, 24-25 May 2019. Click here for conference poster
 

Past activities

Preparatory workshop: Maritime Conflict Resolution, Diplomacy and International Law, 1100-1700 (Amsterdam, 1 April 2016)

First conference: Maritime and terrestrial connections of the Hispanic kingdoms in the Middle Ages (Laredo, Cantabria, Spain, 19-21 October 2016)

International Workshop: Maritime Conflicts and their Resolution in Atlantic Europe (13th-17th Centuries) (University of La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, 21-22 April 2017)

International Conference: Maritime Conflict Management in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, 1200-1800 (IHMC, Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, 5-7 October 2017) [Conference poster] [Conference brochure]

Journées d’études internationales à La Rochelle, 20-21 octobre 2017 :

  • 20 Oct. - Les Jugements de la mer ou Rôles d’Oléron: naissance d’un droit maritime médiéval? (Programme [PDF])
  • 21 Oct. - Figures pirates et représentations de la piraterie au Moyen Âge (Programme [PDF]

Seminar: Central Governments and the Resolution of Maritime Conflicts, 1200-1600 (Instituto de Estudos Medievais, FCSH-Nova University of Lisbon, 25-26 October 2018) (Programme [PDF])

Research Project

Piracy has returned to the list of urgent problems facing Europe in the last decade. Global shipping has literally been held hostage to bands of pirates around the Horn of Africa and the waters of West-Africa. Yet prosecuting piracy is complicated by overlapping jurisdictions and complicated mechanisms for enforcing international law.

Maritime Conflict Management (MCM) comprises of conflict enforcement (naval warfare, privateering, piracy and blockades), conflict resolution (formal judicial and administrative procedures and informal or private means) and conflict avoidance (negotiations).

The goal of this program is to create an international platform for the study of the methodological problems linked to an analysis of the various manifestations of MCM in pre-modern Atlantic Europe. Attention will be given primarily to the ways in which MCM changes and adapts when existing traditions collide with new political and economic realities.

Set against the background of changing political and commercial settings, the central questions of this program revolve around the necessity of commercial interdependence on the one hand and the shifts in the interests of states, regions, and towns on the other. The study of these dynamics will clarify the continuities and changes in MCM along Europe’s Atlantic coast. The ways in which Atlantic MCM was similar – or not – to both Mediterranean and Baltic conflict management is a key element.

Publications

Book

Sicking, L. (2017), El almirantazgo y la armada de los Países Bajos durante los reinados de Felipe I y Carlos V (Santander: Editorial de la Universidad de Cantabria).
Bello León, J.M., Ortego Rico, P. (2018), Los agentes fiscales en la Andalucía Atlántica a finales de la Edad Media. Materiales de trabajo y propuesta de estudio (Sociedad Española de Estudios Medievales-Universidad de Murcia).

Articles

Thematic issue of Comparative Legal History 5 no. 1 (2017): Maritime Conflict Management, Diplomacy and International Law, 1100-1800 (guest editor: Louis Sicking)

  • Sicking, L.H.J. (2017) ‘Introduction: maritime conflict management, diplomacy and international law, 1100-1800’, 2-15.
  • Grohse, I.P. (2017) ‘Between royal orbits: jurisdiction in the Northern British Isles ca 1100-1360’, 16-35.
  • Penna, D. (2017) ‘Piracy and reprisal in Byzantine waters: resolving a maritime conflict between Byzantines and Genoese at the end of the twelfth century’, 36-52.
  • Sicking, L.H.J. and Wink, J. (2017) ‘Reprisal and diplomacy: conflict resolution within the context of Anglo-Dutch commercial relations c1300-c1415’, 53-71.
  • Añíbarro-Rodriguez, J. (2017) ‘Merchants ambushed in foreign lands in the Late Middle Ages: the case of seafarers from Cuatro Villas in the North of Castile, Spain’, 72-87.
  • Olcina Pita, V. (2017) ‘Commercial litigation across religious borders: rendering justice for Valencian merchants in fifteenth-century North Africa and Granada’, 88-106.
  • Go, S., (2017) ‘On governance structures and maritime conflict resolution in early modern Amsterdam: the case of the Chamber of Insurance and Average (sixteenth to eighteenth centuries)’, 107-124.
  • Musa, S. (2017) ‘Victims of maritime conflict, compensation claims and the role of the admiralty court in the early modern period’, 125-141.
  • Nieuwenhuize, H. van (2017) ‘Prize law, international diplomacy and the treatment of foreign prizes in the seventeenth century: a case study’, 142-161.
  • Allain, T. (2017) ‘International treaties versus ‘bonne prise’, 162-176.
  • Miranda, F. (2017) ‘Conflict management in western Europe: the case of the Portuguese merchants in England, Flanders and Normandy, 1250–1500’, Continuity and Change 32-1, 11-36.
  • Heebøll-Holm, T.K. (2017) ‘Law, order and plunder at sea in fourteenth century England and France’, Continuity and Change 32, 37-58.
  • Duijl, J.J. van (2017) ‘Gevangen in het handelsnetwerk van de Hanze. De koopvaardij van de IJsselsteden in het Oostzeegebied in de zestiende eeuw’, Tijdschrift voor Zeegeschiedenis 36-1, 3-19.
  • Duijl J.J. van (2017) ‘“Duedt secretlix”: de omgang met informatie in de koopvaardij van de IJsselsteden in het Oostzeegebied in de zestiende eeuw’, De Hanze: Overijsselse Historische Bijdragen 132, 53-76.
  • Aznar Vallejo, E., González Zalacain, R.J. (2018), ‘Presentación de dossier Europa y el mar: las nuevas fronteras’, Vegueta 18, 9-30.
  • Aznar Vallejo, E. (2018), ‘Norma y conflicto en la navegación castellana bajomedieval’, Espacio, Tiempo y Forma 31, 45-67.
  • Aznar Vallejo, E. (2018), ‘Nuevas fronteras y viejas miradas. La apertura del Atlántico en los relatos de viajes’, Vegueta 18, 31-54
  • Bochaca, M. (2018), ‘Récits de voyage à travers les mers du Ponant et perception des limites et des seuils maritimes à la fin du Moyen Âge’, Vegueta 18, p. 79-94.
  • Bello León, J.M. (2018), ‘Las fuentes contables y fiscales para el estudio de la frontera marítima castellana a finales de la Edad Media’, Vegueta 18, 31-54.
  • González Zalacain, R.J. (2018), ‘La frontera marítima en las fuentes judiciales de la Castilla bajomedieval’, Vegueta 18, 95-118.
  • Muñoz Gómez, V. (2018), ‘Compañeros de armas: ejemplos de sociabilidad en las fronteras marítimas ibéricas durante el reinado de Fernando I de Aragón’, Vegueta 18 133-166. 
  • Muñoz Gómez, V., Ruiz Pilares, E.J. (2018), ‘Navegar al servicio de la monarquía de España: una descripción de las costas del Mediterráneo Occidental a mediados del siglo XVI’, Viaggiatori. Circolazioni scambi ed esilio 2-1 331–377.
  • Rivera Medina, A.M. (2018), ‘Mercaderes vizcaínos en los confines del Canal de la Mancha a través de las fuentes medievales’, Vegueta 18 209-231.
  • Solórzano Telechea, J.A. (2018), ‘Integración económica, competencia y jerarquización de los puertos atlánticos del Norte de España (siglos XIII-XV)’, Anuario de Estudios Medievales, 48-1, 213-242.
     

Book chapters

Andrade, A., and Miranda, F., (2017) ‘Lisbon: trade, urban power and the king’s visible hand’. In: Blockmans, W., Wubs-Mrozewicz, J. and Krom, M. (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Maritime Trade Around Europe, 1300-1600 (London: Routledge) 333-351.

Sicking, L.H.J., (2017) ‘Le maritime, fondement de la prédominance commerciale et économique des Provinces-Unies’. In: Buchet, C. and Bouëdec, G. le (eds.), The sea in history: the early modern world  (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press) 455-465.

Sicking, L.H.J., (2017) ‘De zaak Draeck: Antwerpen tegenover Zierikzee. Een interstedelijk conflict tijdens de Vlaamse Opstand’. In: Marchandisse, A. e.a. (eds.), Études offertes à JeanMarie Cauchies (Turnhout: Brepols Publishers) 405-416.

Sicking, L.H.J. and Neele, A. (2017) ‘The Scheldt estuary as a gateway system 1300–1600’. In: Blockmans, W., Krom, M. and Wubs-Mrozewicz, J. (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Maritime Trade around Europe, 1300-1600 (London: Routledge) 366-382.

Jean-Marie, L. e.a. (2016) ‘Sociétés, mer et littoraux de l’Europe atlantique au Moyen Âge: enjeux, objets et méthodes de la recherche depuis les années 1990’. In: La maritimisation du monde, 2e Congrès international du Groupement d'intérêt scientifique d'Histoire maritime, université de Nantes, 26-28 juin 2013 (Paris: Presses universitaires de Paris-Sorbonne) 29-50.

Jean-Marie, L. (2016) ‘Une aristocratie de la mer ? L'exemple de la famille anglo-normande des Vituli (XIIe-XIIIe siècles)’. In: Bates, D. and Bauduin, P. (eds.), 911-2011. Penser les mondes normands médiévaux. Actes du colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle (29 septembre-2 octobre 2011) (Caen: Presses universitaires de Caen) 475-492.

Silva, G.M. da (2016) ‘Un poder que viene del Mar Océano: Las Cofradías de los Hombres del Mar en el Algarve a fines de la Edad Media’. In: Solórzano Telechea, J.A., Arízaga Bolumburu, B. and Bochaca, M. (eds.), Las sociedades portuarias de la Europa Atlántica en la Edad Media, (Logroño: Instituto de Estudios Riojanos) 115-135.

Jean-Marie, L., (in press) ‘Entre Paris et l’Angleterre: les activités commerciales des Rouennais au ’’siècle de saint Louis’’’. In: Saint Louis en Normandie (hommage à Jacques Le Goff), Colloque international de Cerisy-la-Salle, 28 septembre-1er octobre 2016.

Heeboll-Holm, T. (2018), ‘The Origins and Jurisdiction of the English Court of Admiralty in the Fourteenth Century (1306-1360)’, in: Ramsey, N., Musson, A. (eds.), Courts of Chivalry and Admiralty in Late Medieval Europe (Cambridge: Boydell & Brewer).

Sicking, L.H.J. (2018), ‘Zuiderzeesteden aan de Oostzee’. In: Heerma van voss, L. e.a. (eds.), Wereldgeschiedenis van Nederland (Amsterdam) 131-135.

Connection with other research

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