Universiteit Leiden

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Research project

Embedding Conquest: Naturalising Muslim Rule in the Early Islamic Empire (600-1000)

What made the early Islamic empire so successful and have we missed the story by neglecting crucial evidence? The 7th-century Arab conquests changed the socio-political configurations in the Mediterranean and Eurasia forever. Yet we do not really know how the Arabs managed to gain dominance of this vast, ethnically, religiously and linguistically diverse area which had its own, long imperial traditions, and to make this a sustainable enterprise. What built the empire, and what held it together?

Duration
2017 - 2021
Contact
Petra Sijpesteijn
Funding
ERC Consolidator Grant ERC Consolidator Grant

Scholarship to date has overwhelmingly relied on ‘literary’ sources in Arabic (e.g. chronicles, legal treatises, theological tracts), composed centuries after the conquests and shaped by court politics at their time of writing. This has created a false impression of the embedding of Muslim rule as a top-down process, directed from the centre, built on military coercion and control through administrative systems. Now, however, ‘documentary’ sources in multiple languages on papyrus, leather and paper from all over the empire (e.g. letters, contracts, fiscal accounts, petitions, decrees, work permits) are becoming increasingly available. These sources, whose impact has been limited by linguistic and disciplinary boundaries, offer a direct, contemporary view of how the empire worked on the ground, and how political and social structures were experienced, modified and appropriated by its subjects.

This project will uniquely incorporate all available documents reflecting Muslim rule from the first 400 years of Islam, to reconstruct the system of social relations that enabled the crucial transition from a conquest society to a political organism that survived the breakdown of central caliphal control, and remains the region’s benchmark model today. It will critically advance our understanding of a world historical event, make a radically new contribution to empire studies, and connect and synergise area studies and disciplinary inquiry.

Project website

For up-to-date news about events and research, please visit the Embedding Conquest project website on Humanities Commons.

For more information, please contact emco@hum.leidenuniv.nl.

Embedding Conquest publications

 

Click here for an overview of publications by our Emco members

Upcoming events

 

Click here for an overview of our upcoming events

 

 Click here for an overview of our past events 

For our latest eyeopening blogs click here or check the topics of our latest blogs in the column on the right site (eyopeners)

Did the Early Muslim Empire have a Language Policy? - Petra Sijpesteijn

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Movement and Mobility in the Medieval Mediterranean - Petra Sijpesteijn

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ScientistWanted | Griekse en Koptische papyrologie - Eline Scheerlinck

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Passion in Profession | Daily Life Experiences - Petra Sijpesteijn

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Passion in Profession | Monuments - Said Reza Huseini

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Leiden | Islam interview series - Petra Sijpesteijn

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