Universiteit Leiden

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Research project

PRIME – Predicting, Interdicting and Mitigating Extremism

Research goal: To support the design of technologies (counter-measures and communication measures) for the prevention, interdiction and mitigation of lone actor extremist events (LOEEs), which are hard to anticipate, yet can be highly damaging to local and national communities and therefore must be addressed.

2014 - 2017
Bart Schuurman
The European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) (EC Grant Agreement n. 608354 (PRIME) FP7-SEC-2013-1). The European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) (EC Grant Agreement n. 608354 (PRIME) FP7-SEC-2013-1).

University College London

Kings College London

University of Warsaw

University of Aarhus

Hebrew University Jerusalem

Funded under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7), the 3-year, €2.9 million PRIME Project kicked off at the UCL Department of Security and Crime Science in June 2014. Bringing together researchers from six leading European institutions (University College London, Kings College London, University of Warsaw, University of Leiden, Hebrew University Jerusalem, and University of Aarhus), PRIME sets out to improve our understanding of lone actor terrorism and to inform the design of social and physical counter-measures for the prevention of radicalisation, the disruption of terrorist plots, and the mitigation of terrorist attacks carried out by lone extremists. In this endeavour, PRIME adopts an innovative multidisciplinary approach, which combines formal modelling techniques drawn from security engineering with relevant expertise from the ecological, social, behavioural and criminological sciences. The end-product will be a decision-support tool for end-users whose remit is to deal with the lone actor terrorism threat at the local, national or international level.

Within the PRIME Project, Leiden University’s Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism’s (CTC), since 2016 Institute of Security and Global affairs (ISGA),  main responsibility is to oversee the development of a detailed script outlining the manner in which lone actor extremists prepare for their attacks. This script will then be combined with those dealing with the radicalization and attack execution phases to provide a complete overview of the build-up to a lone actor extremist attack. Not only will this allow for a better understanding of such events but, crucially, it will enable the identification of suitable intervention points to prevent such attacks from occurring.

We refer you to the P.R.I.M.E. FP7 website for a full overview of the project.


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