The Infrared Spectrum of Massive Protostars
We have conducted a full spectral line survey of the 3-13 micron region of two massive protostars, AFGL 2591 and AFGL 2136, for the first time at high spectral resolution.
- Barr, A.G.
- 12 April 2022
- Thesis in Leiden Repository
We have conducted a full spectral line survey of the 3-13 micron region of two massive protostars, AFGL 2591 and AFGL 2136, for the first time at high spectral resolution. Utilising SOFIA/EXES observations, combined with ground based observations from TEXES and iSHELL, many transitions of HCN, C2H2, NH3, CS, CO and H2O are observed, with all species observed to be in absorption. High temperatures (600 K) and abundances (1-10e-6 w.r.t H) of each species are derived. In this thesis, I will present the new insights into the physical conditions and chemical composition of the disks that these absorption lines probe. In particular, hundreds of ro-vibrational transitions of H2O are detected with EXES towards each object, and are linked to a disk wind in AFGL 2591. Column density variations of HCN and C2H2 in bands that probe the same lower level, across different wavelengths, are also discussed, supporting the location of this gas in the circumstellar disk of these protostars. Finally emission lines of HCN are discussed towards MonR2 IRS 3 and are consistent with an origin in a circumstellar disk, or also possibly an expanding shell of gas, supported by P-Cygni profiles of CO lines.