Universiteit Leiden

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Dissertation

Photothermal circular dichroism studies of single nanoparticles

In this work, we investigate the minute circular dichroism effects of single nanoparticles.To this aim, we apply photothermal imaging with a polarization-modulated heating beam.

Author
Sp├Ąth, P.R.
Date
03 March 2022
Links
Thesis in Leiden Repository

In this work, we investigate the minute circular dichroism effects of single nanoparticles.To this aim, we apply photothermal imaging with a polarization-modulated heating beam. This new technique, which we call photothermal circular dichroism microscopy, probes circular dichroism in an absorption measurement, unlike other techniques which usually probe the extinction. We also investigate in detail how to avoid measurement artefacts such as leakage of linear dichroism and residual intensity modulation.We then study the CD of formally achiral and wet-chemically synthesized chiral nanoparticles. We find that the achiral spherical-like particles, can exhibit considerable circular dichroism, some of them display almost as strong CD as specially designed chiral particles. Furthermore, we find that the control of handedness of the synthesized chiral particles is only limited and that, even from a geometric perspective, the relation between the 3D shape of these particles and their handedness is not straightforward.In the last chapter, we apply our method to magnetic samples which exhibit circular dichroism through their magnetization but not due to their shape. The excellent sensitivity of photothermal microscopy not only allows us to perform magnetic imaging of particles, but we also succeeded in obtaining magnetization curves of single particles and estimating their magnetization.

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