Universiteit Leiden

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Phase separation in lipid-based nanoparticles: exploring the nano-bio interface

This doctoral thesis is an effort to understand how lipid phase-separation induced by diacylglycerol analogues in lipid-based nanoparticles affects their in vivo behavior, leading to specific nanoparticle-protein communications and selective cell targeting.

P. Papadopoulou
07 November 2023
Thesis in Leiden Repository

By studying how lipid composition affects morphology and this in turn affects the nano-bio interface, a comprehensive picture and prediction of nanoparticle behavior and cell selectivity is provided. More specifically, liposomes containing diacylglycerol analogues are found to phase separate and to be able to specifically target subsets of endothelial cells in zebrafish embryos. The mechanism behind this selective targeting is the result of a triglyceride lipase mediated mechanism due to phase separation and lipid composition, and is conserved in higher organisms (mice). Moreover, mRNA-based lipid nanoparticles that contain diacylglycerol analogues exhibit the same selectivity which leads to cell-specific mRNA delivery and transfection.

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