Multi-omics studies of the control of growth and antibiotic production of Streptomyces
Actinobacteria are Gram-positive bacteria that have a complex multicellular life cycle and are well known for their ability to produce a wide range of bioactive natural products (NPs).
- Du, C.
- 09 December 2020
- Thesis in Leiden Repository
Actinobacteria are Gram-positive bacteria that have a complex multicellular life cycle and are well known for their ability to produce a wide range of bioactive natural products (NPs). High throughput screening has failed to deliver the new antibiotics we so desperately need to combat multidrug-resistant pathogens. Therefore, new systematic approaches are needed to further explore the rich potential of Actinobacteria. The work described in this thesis entails systems biology approaches consisting of technologies such as proteomics, genomics, metabolomics and DNA binding studies. These were then applied to identify the biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) that are responsible for the production of novel antibiotics. Small molecules were thereby used as elicitors to activate the expression of cryptic BGCs in Streptomyces roseifaciens. Furthermore, S. coelicolor M1152 that was optimized for heterologous expression of antibiotics, was analysed for changes in protein expression, to understand which changes correlate to optimal antibiotic production. Finally, the role of the nucleoid associated protein SCO1839 in development and antibiotic production was studied. Chip-seq technology showed that it binds to thousands of DNA sequences on the S. coelicolor chromosome, which contain the motif GATC. I hope that this thesis contributes to utilizing multi-dimensional ‘omics approaches to answer major biological questions.