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Jimpitan in Wonosobo, Central Java: an indigenous institution in the context of sustainable socio-economic development in Indonesia

In times of hardships or crisis, local people know how to deal with it using their resourcefulness. Although efforts are sometimes made by the government to help them, they are fully aware that community support is at least equally important.

Doctoral Thesis
28 June 2023
Thesis in Leiden Repository

Moreover, poor people in Indonesia mainly depends on the relatives, neighbors, and community for their safety net. Community participation in dealing with adversity relies on activities from within the community. Community assistance in Central Java in the form of rice assistance is called jimpitan. It is the collection of rice taken routinely from households in a neighborhood which is then accumulated and distributed to those in need.

Nowadays, jimpitan is also collected in the form of money and distributed as loans. The arrangements of local people's loans and savings is the key to understanding the poverty-reducing credit initiatives. It depicts the importance of studying the utilization of jimpitan as an indigenous institution with  a view to be integrated as an alternative contribution to the poverty reduction.This study analyses the utilization of the indigenous institution jimpitan together with transitional and exogenous organizations. Jimpitan offers risk management and health micro insurance, it preserves social, economic and cultural value, and it gives funding for various activities of members of the society in Wonosobo, Central Java.

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