Universiteit Leiden

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Neutrinos From the Milky Way

Promotor: M. de Jong, Co-Promotor: Samtleben

E.L. Visser
12 May 2015
Thesis in Leiden Repository

A guaranteed source of neutrinos is the production in cosmic ray interactions with the interstellar matter in our Galaxy. The signal has never been detected however and only an upper limit on this flux of neutrinos has been published by the AMANDA-II detector. The ANTARES neutrino telescope, located in the Mediterranean Sea, offers a high visibility of the central region of the Milky Way, from where the highest signal is expected. ANTARES data from 2007-2012 were used to compare the flux from a region extending 39 degrees in Galactic longitude and 4.5 degrees in Galactic latitude on either side of the Galactic centre, with the flux from multiple equivalent off-source regions. No significant excess has been observed, and upper limits have been placed on the neutrino flux. The flux limits produced with ANTARES are more than a factor of 10 above the model predictions, which means that a bigger neutrino telescope is needed to constrain the models further. The future KM3NeT telescope is well suited to perform this measurement. Simulations show that by using all neutrinos flavours, KM3NeT should be able to seriously constrain the neutrino flux after about 3 years of operation.

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