Negotiating Islamisation and resistance : a study of religions, politics and social change in West Java from the early 20th Century to the present
Chaider Bamualim defended his thesis on 9 September 2015
- C.S. (Chaider) Bamualim
- 09 September 2015
- Leiden University Repository
This study shows how Islamisation took place and how it was contested and negotiated in West Java. It focuses on three important religious variants: Islam, Aliran Kebatinan and Christianity and covers the early twentieth century to the present, with the emphasis on the period after 1965. Conflicts between these religious variants are analised. This study departs from the working hypothesis that there is always a coherent dialectics between cultural categories in society on the one hand, and negotiations between the state and these cultural categories, on the other. The dramatic political change in the aftermath of the 30 September 1965 coup attempt was crucial in the development of Islam in West Java. This change produced an unprecedented socio-cultural and political setting that increasingly shifted away from the social and cultural foundations of Soekarno’s political reign towards that of Soeharto in which religions were given a wider mandate. This shifting political context that provided the imperative for social and political adjustments weakened the Aliran Kebatinan and favoured a much more intense Islamisation than ever before. This change provided the context for the rise of Dakwahism and, as a consequence, cemented the way for the deepening Islamisation of the Sundanese from below.