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Brought under the law of the land

"Brought under the Law of the land" : the history, demography and geography of crossculturalism in early modern Izmir, and the Köprülü Project of 1678

Merlijn Olnon
08 January 2014
Full text available in Leiden University Repository

Our primary hypothesis will be that Izmir’s culture and political economy were purposefully manipulated by the Ottoman and European centers and their various representatives in their quest for dominance, but that these found themselves consistently resisted and thwarted by Izmir’s cultural and institutional dynamic.

We will posit that this distinctly crosscultural urban culture had its own political economy, with its own logic and trajectory. From this primary hypothesis immediately follows another – which holds that the image of Izmir as a segregated and administratively neglected ‘city’ was a façade. Willfully constructed by the Ottoman and European centers and their local representatives, it was maintained to hide from view a world of crosscultural compromise and mutual dependencies. This hidden ‘middle ground’ and the urban culture it fostered, differed significantly enough from that in other Ottoman places of crosscultural trade to effectively constitute a distinct urban culture.

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