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PhD Position “The Dark Middle Ages: Language of Vice in Histories of Science, 1700-1900”

Vacancy number
19-146 6168
Function type
PhD positions
Hours (in fte)
External/ internal
Placed on
04 April 2019
Closing date
31 May 2019

39 more days to apply

The Faculty of Humanities, Institute of History is offering a

PhD Position (1.0 FTE)

“The Dark Middle Ages: Language of Vice in Histories of Science, 1700-1900”

Project description
As per September 1, 2019, the Leiden University Institute for History will be appointing a PhD candidate within the NWO-funded VICI project Scholarly Vices: A Longue Durée History, supervised by Professor Herman Paul.

Emblematic stories about scholarly vice such as codified in William Whewell’s History of the Inductive Sciences (1837) found their way into countless 19th- and 20th-century histories of science. This is true not only for Whewell’s image of the dark Middle Ages – the “barren period, which intervened between the scientific activity of ancient Greece, and that of modern Europe” – but also for anecdotes such as Vergilius of Salzburg being censured by Pope Zachary and Galileo being condemned by the Inquisition. Whewell in turn borrowed these story elements from Diderot’s and d’Alembert’s Encyclopédie, just as his “emplotment” of the history of science as a gradual triumph of virtue over vice was indebted, more generally, to 18th-century histories of science, dictionaries of arts and science, and historia literaria. In comparing a selection of 18th-century histories to a representative sample of 19th-century histories of science, this sub-project examines to what extent anecdotes, commonplaces, and stereotypical images contributed to the long-term persistence of early modern vices such as dogmatism.

Key responsibilities 

  • Conducting research on  “The Dark Middle Ages: Language of Vice in Histories of Science, 1700-1900” (see project description below);
  • Writing an English-language PhD thesis within four years;
  • Writing two (single- or co-authored) articles for publication in peer-reviewed journals;
  • Presenting draft articles or thesis chapters at conferences or workshops;
  • Co-organizing one of the workshops envisioned within the project;
  • Contributing actively to the project as a whole (e.g., serving as a peer reviewer for other team members, contributing to the project website).
  • If possible: contributing to undergraduate teaching

Selection criteria

  • MA degree in History or a related field;
  • Fluency in English and good passive command of German and French;
  • Demonstrable interest in the history of the humanities and/or the history of science (familiarity with Enlightenment historiography is an advantage);
  • Experience in working with 18th- or 19th-century source material;
  • Excellent writing skills;
  • Ability to work both independently and as part of the team;
  • Ability to work in an international and highly competitive environment.

About our faculty and institute
The Faculty of Humanities is rich in expertise in fields such as philosophy, religious studies, history, art history, literature, linguistics, international studies and area studies, covering nearly every region of the world. With its staff of 930, the faculty provides 27 masters and 25 bachelors programmes for over 6,000 students based at locations in Leiden’s historic city centre and in modern buildings in The Hague. For more information:  http://www.hum.leidenuniv.nl.

The overall project, Scholarly Vices: A Longue Durée History, revolves around a simple question: Why do scholars still evaluate each other’s work in terms that are often centuries old? Although modern science differs considerably from early modern learning, 17th-century terms like “dogmatism,” “prejudice,” and “speculation” are still being used, even if their meanings have changed over time. The project tries to explain the persistence of this cultural repertoire by zooming in on (1) interaction between idioms (cultural repertoires) available to scholars at certain points in time, (2) mechanisms that help transmit repertoires across time and place, and (3) rhetorical purposes for which repertoires can be used.

Drawing on a wide array of 18th, 19th, and 20th-century sources from across the academic spectrum, the project tests three hypotheses: (1) early modern language of vice persisted in productive interaction with modern notions of “bias,” “subjectivity,” and “conflicts of interest”; (2) commonplaces, anecdotes, and stereotypes (“dark Middle Ages”) were major mechanisms of transmission; and (3) language of vice was attractive, not despite, but because of its time-honored origins.

By doing so, the project hopes to enrich our understanding of continuity and discontinuity between early modern learning and modern science. It hopes to build bridges between fields (in the sciences, humanities, and social sciences) that are too often studied in isolation from each other. Finally, in the realm of knowledge utilization, it wants to encourage scholars to reflect on contemporary scholarly virtues and vices.

Terms and conditions
We offer a full-time position for initially one year. After a positive evaluation of the progress of the thesis, personal capabilities and compatibility the appointment will be extended by a further three years. Salary range from € 2,325.- to € 2,972.- gross per month (pay scale P, in accordance with the Collective Labour Agreement for Dutch Universities).

Leiden University offers an attractive benefits package with additional holiday (8%) and end-of-year bonuses (8.3%), training and career development and sabbatical leave. Our individual choices model gives you some freedom to assemble your own set of terms and conditions. Candidates from outside the Netherlands may be eligible for a substantial tax break.  Additional budget allows for research visits abroad and attendance of international conferences. More at http://www.workingat.leiden.edu/.

Leiden University is strongly committed to diversity within its community and especially welcomes applications from members of underrepresented groups.

A more extensive project description is available upon request from Professor Herman Paul, e-mail h.j.paul@hum.leidenuniv.nl.

Applications should be submitted in English and include a: 

  • Cover letter;
  • Statement of purpose, which
    • states the ways in which your experience and knowledge would aid the project team in achieving their overall goals;
    • explains how you think you will function within an international team (e.g., what roles you are likely to assume);
  • Curriculum vitae with a list of publications (if applicable);
  • Copy of MA thesis;
  • Proof of English language proficiency for non-native English speakers or those without an undergraduate degree obtained in The Netherlands or an English-speaking country (IELTS 7.0 or lower will only be considered in exceptional circumstances, e.g. in the case of other compensatory factors such as unique experience and expertise);
  • List of (maximum) two referees to your application (with full postal addresses, telephone numbers, and emails). Referees will be contacted directly by the search committee.

Applications should be submitted no later than 31 May 2019 via the blue button in our application system. Please quote the vacancy number in your application. All requested documents should be sent in PDF format.

An interview with the search committee is part of the procedure. Shortlisted candidates will be interviewed in the first week of July (presumably on 4 July 2019).

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