Universiteit Leiden

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Meike de Goede

University Lecturer

Dr. M.J. de Goede
+31 71 527 2322

Fields of Interest

French Equatorial Africa, Congo-Brazzaville, DR Congo, decolonization, Matsouanism, messianic politics, democracy, elections, governance, memory.


My current research focuses the late colonial and early post-colonial period in French Equatorial Africa. I am particularly interested in the history of the rapport between the late colonial and early post-colonial state and the Matsouanist movement, a politico-religious movement founded on the ideas of André Matsoua (1899-1943), a prominent Congolese resistance leader. This history is characterized by (passive) resistance of a marginalized social group, violence, repression, in the context of a highly complex and ill-understood process leading to the independence of Congo-Brazzaville. The history of this movement, and the traumatic events its members have experienced, has subsequently been systematically silenced. My research thus combines archival research with oral history and memory of witnesses and their descendants.

Teaching activities


  • African Politics
  • Thesis Seminar Africa
  • "Seek Ye First the Political Kingdom” - Histories of the State in Africa
  • Ontwikkeling & Cultuur: een verkenning van media-antropologie
  • De Geschiedenis van Afrika van Nul tot Nu
  • History of Ideas and Institutions in Africa: ideologies and practices of power


  • Seminar in African History: Conceptualisations and Practices of Peace in Post-Colonial Africa
  • African History and Politics

Curriculum Vitae

Professional background

2013 -Present

Lecturer, Leiden University
2013: Lecturer, Edinburgh University
2011-2012: Konrad Adenauer Foundation/EU, Kinshasa, DRC.
2007-2011: Tutor, University of St Andrews, UK.

Election Observer Democratic Republic of Congo, EISA International

Election Observation Mission


Election Observer South Africa, EISA International Election Observation


2002-2006: Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa


  • PhD International Relations, University of St Andrews, 2012
  • MA Peace and Conflict Studies and Human Rights, Utrecht University, 2006
  • MA History, Leiden University, 2002

Key Publications

M.J. de Goede (2015)  '"Mundele, it is because of you": History, Identity and the Meaning of Democracy in the Congo'Journal of Modern African Studies Vol. 53, No. 4, pp. 583-609.

An analysis of  Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism for the  Macat Library. This analysis offers an online learning tool for students about this seminal text in Africa studies.

M.J. de Goede (2015)  Consuming Democracy: Loberal Peace and Local Agencies in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Leiden: African Studies Centre

M.J. de Goede (2011) ‘From the Air-Conditioned Offices to the Everyday: the Kinshasa Street Parliamentarians and the Popular Reclaiming of Democracy’, in. Oliver P. Richmond and Audra L. Mitchell (eds),  Hybrid Forms of Peace: From Everyday Agency to Post-Liberalism, pp. 141-161. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan

M.J. de Goede and C. van der Borgh (2008) ‘A role for diplomats in post-war transitions? The case of the International Committee in Support of het Transition in the Democratic Republic of Congo’,  African Security, Vol 1, No. 2.

M.J. de Goede (2008) ‘Private and Public Security in post-war Democratic Republic of Congo’, in  S. Gumedze (ed.)  The private Security Sector in Africa, pp. 35-68. Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies.

University Lecturer

  • Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
  • Institute for History
  • Afrika studies

Work address

Johan Huizinga
Doelensteeg 16
2311 VL Leiden
Room number 1.39



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