The polemics between Protestant ‘moderns’ and Roman Catholics in the Netherlands, 1840-1910
Supervisor: prof. E.G.E. van der Wall
What representations of Protestant moderns by Roman Catholics, and vice versa, are reflected in 19th-century ‘casual’ media published between 1840 and 1910, and can we see a development over that period?
I investigate this question on the basis of the contemporary ‘war of pamphlets’ as reflected in the collection of the Leiden University Library. Part of the dissertation is a reasoned catalogue of their collection of 19
th-century pamphlets on the topic, which I compiled when I was working as a Fellow at the Scaliger Institute, 2004-2006.
De Leidse collectie kleine theologische geschriften
What image did the Protestant moderns have of the Roman Catholics? And vice versa?
Where are the similarities and differences? What were the factors that determined these images?
In how far did the Protestant-modern appeal for free inquiry into all matters religious have repercussions for the attitude towards ‘Rome’? How did Protestant moderns view Roman Catholic modernism?
The focus of my research is on the polemic methods used by both parties: aspects of rhetoric, including the question of how history is being deployed in the discussion – what are the attitudes regarding Kant? The Middle Ages? The Enlightenment?
For the sake of manageability my research project is based on three benchmark dates: 1) 1853 (the re-establishment of the Roman Catholic episcopate in the Netherlands), 2) 1864 (the encyclicals Quanta cura & Syllabus errorum), and 3) the period 1907 -1910 (encyclical Pascendi dominici gregis, the introduction of the anti-modernist oath for Roman-Catholic clergy) will be discussed in a concluding chapter covering the question 'what happened next?'.
1. contemporary pamphlets ('brochures'), highly popular communication media in de 19th and early 20
2. visual material (for instance posters, advertisements, pictures and cartoons); these media were widely distributed and exposed in public, but precisely because of their casual character much has been lost. During my Scaliger fellowship I came across some hitherto unknown material in this category.
Unique selling point
This study was initially started as part of the joint Leiden-Louvain research project on Protestant and Roman-Catholic modernism. Its unique contribution is that the two main religious confessions active in the Netherlands in the 19th century are discussed together, in a context that may throw new light on interesting questions around the theme of ‘religion and modern culture’ and so links up with current events.
|1995-2003||Theology, Leiden University ( cum laude)|
|1969-1978||English language and literature, second subject Information science, Leiden University|
|1968-1969||Exchange student at Duke University, North Carolina, USA|
|1962-1968||Gymnasium Haganum, The Hague (diploma gymnasium a)|
|April 1992-heden||Free-lance translator/editor, areas of expertise: statistics, theology, philosophy, psychology, public administration, political science, cultural anthropology, Hebrew literature.|
|Instructor of Academic English at the Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Leiden University|
|1 January 2004-
|Fellow at the Scaliger Institute (Leiden University Library) for the project ‘Christianity and Modernity’|
|1 Dec. 2002-
1 Dec. 2005
|Temporary appointment as project staff with the History of Christianity section at the (then) Faculty of Theology, Leiden University. Besides research this position also entailed developing and teaching courses at post-Bachelor level; organising workshops and conferences; coaching students and colleagues in English-language presentations.|
|Co-owner of Smit & Dreef Texts & Translations, Leiden. Translations in the area of software and automation; clients included Hewlett-Packard, WordPerfect, Lotus.|
|1979-1984||Editor, VanDale Groot Woordenboek Engels-Nederlands|
|1975-1979||Teacher of English, Gymnasium Haganum, The Hague|
|1974-1975||Teacher of English, Dalton Lyceum, The Hague|
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