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Fields of interest
Maritime history and maritime archaeology/ Chinese and Japanese art-porcelain/ East and East Asian export ceramics/ Dutch East India Company (VOC)
Shipments, Shapes and Shards
The identification and analysis of shipments of Chinese porcelain to the Netherlands from 1600 to 1644.
Chinese export porcelain has been researched upon from many angles. (archaeological, art historical, global economic perspective, etc.) However, gaps remain and one is the period of early 17th century when Chinese porcelain first came to The Netherlands. Identification and analysis of what types and shapes arrived has not yet been fully carried out. The VOC archives possess all types of documents including invoices and requests for all types and shapes. One prominent type, kraak porcelain as it is now called, was specially produced in the kilns of Jingdezhen for the western market. It has mostly been categorized as a type of ‘provincial’ ware but it was produced and shipped in large quantities to Holland and should be given more attention.
This research is aimed to identify the types and analyse the shapes shipped to the Netherlands by comparing the shapes listed on documents and publications to the actual pieces which have come forth from shipwrecks.
Supervisor: Prof. dr. Anne Gerritsen
Litt. Cand. (BA) Japanese Language and Literature, University of Leiden (1972).
Litt. Doct. (MA) Art and Archaeology of East Asia, University of Amsterdam (1978). Additional subjects: Museum Science and Library Sciences.
Dept. of East Asian Art, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Dept. of Archaeology, Rijksdienst voor Bodem Onderzoek, Amersfoort
Lectures and courses
1985-date: lectures on East Asian Art and the History of the Dutch East Asia Company
1992-1996: Courses on History of the Dutch East Asia Company at the Volksuniversiteit te Amsterdam.
1998-2000: courses on the conservation of ceramics at Central Museum, Utrecht/Museum of Twente/Municipal Museum Schiedam.
Paper for symposium: ‘Kraak’ at the Princesshof Museum, Leeuwarden(2002)
Lectures for the Dutch Society at Geneva and Montreux. (2002)
Paper for symposium ‘Blue for who’, British Museum (2003)
Lecture and workshop given at the Jingedezhen Ceramic Institute, China (October, 2005)
Lecture for staff members, Rijksmuseum. (January, 2006)
Lecture at Castle Heino (2006, April)
Paper for symposium ‘Portuguese shipwrecks on the East coast of South Africa’, Mossel Bay, (2006, August)
Paper for Symposium on the Chinese Export Ceramic Trade in Southeast Asia. Singapore, 12-14 March 2007.
Paper for symposium Exchange of Material Culture over the Seas: Contacts between Europe, East and Southeast Asia in the 16th to 18th Centuries . Conference held at the Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, October 31st to November 2nd, 2007.
Lecture given at the Oriental Ceramic society 2008, London.
Paper for seminar: Chinese Ceramics and the Maritime Trade Pre-1700 with related exhibition at the University Museum of the University of Hong Kong, 2009.
Paper for the International Symposium: Chinese export Ceramics in the 16th and 17thCenturies and the Spread of Material Civilisation. 2011: Hong Kong.
Paper for. Asia-pacific regional conference on Underwater cultural heritage, Manila, Nov. 8-12, 2011.
Paper given at the Symposium Seminar on Chinese Export Porcelain of Ming and Qing Dynasties. Nanchang University October 2012.
Paper given at the 2012 International symposium on ancient ceramics, (ISAC) Jingdezhen, October 23-27, 2012.
Member of editorial board of the Asiatic Society of The Netherlands (1980-1995)
Member of editorial board of Ceramic Society of the Netherlands( 1986-1989)
Board member of Asiatic Society of The Netherlands (1991-1999)
Member of the editorial board of Conservation News, London (2001-2002)
Inventarisation and documentation of Chinese porcelain from the Dutch V.O.C. shipwreck the ‘Witte Leeuw’, sunk at St. Helena in 1613.(1979-1982).
Research and installation for the exhibition: from Empire to Republic, Municipal Museum, The Hague, 1986.
Participation of research group to kiln sites of South China (2000).
Research trip to Tehran (Iran) for the study of Chinese porcelain of the Ardebil Shrine at the national Museum of Tehran. (2002)
Inventarisation of ceramics from the sunken VOC ship Avondster at Galle,Sri Lanka (2003)
Research trip to Lisbon, Portugal for the study of Chinese export ceramics at museum collections and archaeological sites. (2004)
Research trip to Kharakorum (Mongolia) for the study of Chinese ceramics at the archaeological site of Kharakorum (2005)
Research trip to Beijing for the viewing of Chinese export porcelain of a private collection. (2005)
Research trip to Jingdezhen for the study of Chinese export porcelain at kiln sites.
(2005) Participation of a research group for visiting Portuguese shipwreck sites with shards of Chinese porcelain along the east coast of South Africa. (august 2006)
Visit to department of Archaeology, Arita, and Nagasaki, Japan. (2006)
Research at Fuzhou Department of Underwater Archaeology (2011)
Editor and main author,
The Ceramic Load of the ‘Witte Leeuw’ (1613).
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1982.
Aspecten van de moderne Chinese en Japanse Kunst.
Jubileumboek ter gelegenheid van het 10-jarig bestaan van de studierichting Kunstgescheidenis en arceologie van Oost-azie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam (1973-1983). (2 chapters)
Editor exhibition catalogue,
Van Keizerrijk tot Volksrepubliek
Mededelingenblad Nederlandse Vereniging van Vrienden van Ceramiek, nr.123/124. 1986.
“Kraak type porcelain and other ceramic ware recovered from the Dutch East Indiaman the Witte Leeuw, sunk in 1613.” Transactions of the Oriental Ceramic Society, Vol. 67,2002- 2003.
“De ceramiek uit de Oost-indievaarder, de Witte Leeuw.” Vormen uit Vuur. Mededelingenblad Nederlandse vereniging van vrienden van ceramiek en glas. Nr. 180/181, 2003/1-2, Speciaal nummer : Kraak, Begeerlijk Porselein.
Contribution to the Catalogue: Kraak Porcelain. Jorge Welsh Publications, 2009.
‘Kraak porcelain ware salvaged from shipwrecks of the Dutch East India Company’
“Een Chinees ivoren beeldje.” Aziatische Kunst, 1985, jaargang nr. 3, juni 1985:
“De allereerste aanwinsten van de Vereniging van Aziatische Kunst.” Aziatische Kunst, 1985, jaargang nr. 4, oktober 1985.
“Grote kraakkommen.” Aziatische Kunst 1988, 18e jaargang nr. 1
“Jingdezhen revisited.” Aziatische Kunst 1993 jaargang 23, nr.4 december 1993.
2002: Leeuwarden: symposium Kraak, Begeerlijk Porselein.
“ De ceramiek uit de Oost-Indiëvaarder, de Witte Leeuw.” Vormen uit Vuur. Mededelingenblad Nederlandse vereniging van vrienden van ceramiek en glas. Nr. 180/181, 2003/1-2.
2003: Londen: Study Day, The World in Blue and White. Kraak type Porcelain and other Ceramic Wares recovered from the Dutch East Indiaman the ‘Witte Leeuw’ sunk in 1613, TOCS nr. 67, 2002-2003, 91-98, 8 Figs.
2006: Mossel Bay Symposium: Portuguese shipwrecks on the East coast of South Africa.
Kraakporcelain – Chinese export ware for Portugal and The Netherlands.
2007: Singapore: Symposium on the Chinese Export Ceramic Trade in Southeast Asia.12-14 March 2007
Chinese Ceramics for the Dutch Market: Porcelain from 17th century shipwrecks of the Dutch East India Company (unpublished)
2007: Taipei: Exchange of Material Culture over the Seas: Contacts between Europe, East and Southeast Asia in the 16th to 18th Centuries . Conference held at the Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, October 31st to November 2nd, 2007. Shipments and Shards: Dated finds of trade Ceramics and the Dutch East India Company at the Beginning of the Seventeenth Century. (published in Field Archaeology of Taiwan, vol. 13 (1/2) Dec. 2010.)
2008: London, Lecture for the Oriental Ceramic society:
Chinese Ceramics for the Dutch Market: Porcelain from 17th Century Shipwrecks of the Dutch East India Company. (summary published in Transactions of the Oriental Ceramic Society, Volume 72, 2007-2008)
2009: Hong Kong, seminar: Chinese Ceramics and the Maritime Trade Pre-1700 with related exhibition at the University Museum of the University of Hong Kong.
Chinese export porcelain and the V.O.C. The University of Hong Kong Museum Journal, no. 3, may 2011.pp.23-31.
2011: Hong Kong. International Symposium: Chinese export Ceramics in the 16th and 17th Centuries and the Spread of Material Civilisation.
Early 17th Century Chinese Trade Ceramics for the Dutch Market: Distribution, Types and Consumption. Proceedings of the Conference. (editors: Cheng Pei-kai, Fan Mengyuan) Chinese Civilisation Centre, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
2011: Manila. Asia-pacific regional conference on Underwater cultural heritage, Nov. 8-12, 2011.
Identification of export porcelains from early 17th Century VOC shipwrecks and the linkage to their cultural identification. Proceedings of the conference.
2012: Nanchang. Symposium Seminar on Chinese Export Porcelain of Ming and Qing Dynasties. Nanchang University October 2012.
The appreciation and value of Chinese export porcelain in The Netherlands at the beginning of the 17th century. (unpublished)
2012: Jingdezhen. The 2012 International symposium on ancient ceramics, (ISAC) Jingdezhen, October 23-27, 2012. The Distribution and Use of Chinese Export Porcelain by the Dutch East India Company early 17th century.
Some papers available on: independent.academia.edu/ChristineKetel