Universiteit Leiden

nl en

Arianna Sacco

PhD candidate

A. Sacco
+31 71 527 2171

Arianna Sacco doesn't have a desk at the university. Please send an email if you want to contact her. The above mentioned telephone number is the number of the secretariat.

More information about Arianna Sacco


2015– PhD student at Leiden University (The Netherlands).
2012 Master’s degree in Interdisciplinary Approaches to History, Archaeology and Social Anthropology at the University of Thessaly, Volos (Greece).
2009 Master’s degree in Archaeology at the University of Naples l’Orientale.
2007 Bachelor’s degree in Cultural Heritage at the University of Naples l’Orientale.



2015 Writer for the blog of Ancient History Magazine, published by Karwansaray BV.
2013– Proofreader for Ancient Warfare magazine, published by Karwansaray BV.
2012–2013 Volunteer at the Allard Pierson Museum (Amsterdam), studying, describing, and cataloguing Egyptian artefacts of the Dortmond collection.
2010– Freelance teacher of Italian and Modern Greek.
2010–2011 Team member of the excavations at Kephala Skiathou, Skiathos, Greece (two seasons); directed by Prof Alexandros Mazarakis Ainian of the University of Thessaly, Volos.
2010 Member of technical staff at the Conference for Attic Ware in Thessaly, organized by the University of Thessaly in Volos from 3–5 December.
2009–2011 Team member of the excavations at Skala Oropou, Euboea, Greece (three seasons); directed by Prof Alexandros Mazarakis Ainian of the University of Thessaly, Volos.
2009–2010 Team member of the excavations at Vriokastro Kythnou, Kythnos, Greece (two seasons); directed by Prof Alexandros Mazarakis Ainian of the University of Thessaly, Volos.
2008 Team member of the excavations of Gremoulia, Greece (one season); project of the Archaeological Service of Patras and the Austrian Archaeological Institute in Athens.
2007 Team member of the excavations at Cuma, Italy (one season); directed by Prof Bruno D’Agostino of the Università l’Orientale, Napels.
2007 Team member of the medieval excavations at Sassoforte, near Grosseto, Italy (one season); project of the University of Siena.
2006–2008 Remedial teacher, intermediary school, Naples. Subjects: Italian literature, Italian grammar, history, geography, mathematics, art history, sciences, English, and Spanish.
2006–2007 Team member of digitization project for Dillmann’s lexicon of Ethiopic, directed by Prof Alessandro Bausi, Università l’Orientale, Naples.



Graduate Student Conference ‘Networks and Interactions’, Leiden University, 9–11 May 2014.
2014 Speaker at the international conference Current Research in Egyptology XV, University College London and King’s College in London, 9–12 April 2014.
2012 Speaker at the First International Chariot Conference, the Netherlands-Flemish Institute in Cairo, 30 November–2 December 2012.



2013      Bursary from the Institute of Classical Studies Student to attend the CRE XV.
2014 Bursary for fieldwork in Egypt from the association Huis van Horus.


(In prep.) The God’s Wives of Amun during the 25th Dynasty,’ paper to be submitted to Talanta.

(2015) An audience with Hatshepsut, Ancient History Magazine 1.1, 77.

(2015) Hittite chariot, published in Ancient Warfare 9.3, 58.

(2015) The Hittites and their successors: historical introduction, published in Ancient Warfare 9.3, 6–9.

(2015) Review of Desperta Ferro, Especial IV: Mercenarios en el mundo antiguo (edited by G.G. Jiménez), published in Ancient Warfare 8.6, 54–56.

(2014) ‘The conquering Pharaoh: the war-reliefs of Seti I at Karnak’, Ancient Warfare 8.3, 43–47.

(2013) ‘Opportunity knocks: the kingship of Ay’.

(2013) Review of Le soldat lagide: de Ptolémée Sôter à Cléopatre (by S. Thion), published in Ancient Warfare 7.3, 57.

(2013) ‘Soldier, scribe, king: the career of Horemheb’.

(2013) Review of The fortifications of ancient Egypt: 3000-1780 BC (by C. Vogel), published in Ancient Warfare 7.1, 57.

(2013) ‘The “Rulers of Foreign Lands”: the Hyksos and their contributions to Egyptian warfare’, published in Ancient Warfare 7.1, 14–19.

(2013) ‘Art and imperial ideology: remarks on the depiction of royal chariots on wall reliefs in New-Kingdom Egypt and the Neo-Assyrian Empire’, in Chasing Chariots: Proceedings of the First International Chariot Conference (Cairo), 203–215.

PhD research

More than people and pots: identity and regionalization in ancient Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, ca. 1650–1550 BC

Supervisors: prof. dr. Olaf Kaper and dr. Sylvie Marchand (IFAO / Cairo)

My research project aims to understand the cultural identity of people living in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period (ca. 1650–1550 BC) as expressed through material culture. From the written sources we know that Egypt was politically fragmented in this period, with the northern part ruled by the so-called Hyksos, a group of Asiatic descent. Archaeology shows that Nubians of the Pan-Grave Culture resided in several places in southern Egypt.

My research focuses on the identity and interconnections of the regions during the Second Intermediate Period, and how these interactions contributed in the transformation of Egyptian culture from the Middle Kingdom to the New Kingdom, a process that is still poorly understood. The main questions my research seeks to address are:

  • Which sites are more interconnected and which regions can be detected base on these interconnections?
  • How do the regional styles influence each other and how do they finally influence the culture of the New Kingdom?
  • What is the contribution of the foreign traits the culture of the New Kingdom?

I intend to answer these questions through the study of the types of pottery, stone vessels, scarab seals, beads, jewellery, weapons and tools. The data collected will all be examined using methods of network analysis, which is based on nodes (i.e. the elements to connect) and ties (i.e. the lines connecting the nodes). In the field of Egyptian archaeology this is a new approach, which will give a new insight into a period of Egyptian history that is still matter of much debate. 

PhD candidate

  • Faculty of Humanities
  • Leiden Institute for Area Studies
  • SMES Egyptologie

This website uses cookies. More information