Universiteit Leiden

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Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Programme (LEAD)

Training

Since the establishment of LEAD, the input of its staff has focused on several education and training programmes, such as the Post-Graduate Course on Medical Anthropology, Medical Sociology and Ethnomedicine at the Faculty of Social Sciences of Leiden University since 1992, and the Post-Graduate Course on Ethnobotanical Knowledge Systems (EKS) at the Leiden University Branch of the National Herbarium of The Netherlands since 1999.

MSc Courses

From 1989 onwards, LEAD supervised yearly more than 20 MA students from Leiden University in cooperation with the Spili Health Center and, later the Department of Social and Family Medicine of the University of Crete in Heraklion. The post-graduate fieldwork encompassed MA studies in medical anthropology, sociology and ethnomedicine in the rural areas of Crete, amounting to a total of 26 completed MA-theses on indigenous knowledge systems and health care development in rural Crete, Greece.

Then, since the early 2000s, LEAD is annually contributing to the Post-Graduate Course on Doctor-Patient Relations, coordinated by Prof.Dr. C. Lionis of the Department of Social and Family Medicine of the University of Crete in Heraklion, Greece.

Similarly, a yearly contribution is provided by LEAD to the Post-Graduate Master Course on Public Health Management (M.PHM) at the same Department of the University of Crete, coordinated by the Director of Studies Prof.Dr. A. Philalithis. In addition, Prof.Dr, L.J. Slikkerveer is also invited to take examinations of the candidates of the M.PHM course on the modules concerned as External Examinator of the Department.

Following previous Workshops on medical anthropology and ethnomedicine at Universitas Padjadjaran as LEAD’s main counterpart in Indonesia, in 2000 a joint Master Course was developed in Medical Anthropology and Ethnobotany (MAE).

This post-graduate course encompassed a 6-months’ course in Bandung and a 3-months’ fieldwork training in a rural community in Java. The course also included a period of 3 months time of writing-up the MSc thesis in Leiden, and evolved into a double-degree diploma from Leiden University in Leiden, The Netherlands and Universitas Padjadjaran in Bandung, Indonesia.

Integrated Microfinance Management

The original interest for the integration of national and local efforts to reduce poverty and promote empowerment led to the development in the new direction of integrated financial management since its establishment at LEAD.

The concept was further substantiated when Dr. Jane Goodall visited a Workshop Programme on Indigenous Knowledge and Development (IK&D) in Leiden. In 1994, new ways were explored in the ‘Roots and Shoots’ Programme in Tanzania of Dr. Jane Goodall, with a view to provide socio-economic and credit services to the local low-income groups living on the borders of the Gombe National Park.

The activities of the LEAD Programme further developed its focus in training and research on the role of Indigenous Knowledge Systems in sustainable community development in sectors such as health care, agriculture, environment, bio-cultural management and conservation, and soon was extended in the interest in the knowledge, experience and practice of the often poor, marginalized indigenous peoples in the rural areas of developing countries. A significant experience of some case studies in Ghana, Tanzania, Kenya and Indonesia underscored the crucial role which indigenous institutions can play in a combined community development approach at the community level with financial, educational, health, communication and socio-cultural services, well attuned to local traditions and structures.

In 2008, LEAD initiated as Programme Coordinator the design and implementation of the innovative Master Course on Integrated Microfinance Management for Poverty Reduction and Empowerment in Indonesia, in collaboration with Universitas Padjadjaran (Prof.Dr. T.S. Joesron and Dr. Nury Effendi) in Bandung, Indonesia, Gema PKM (Drs. B. Ismawan) in Jakarta, Indonesia and the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania (Dr. A. Nikolaidis) in Crete, Greece.

The following year, the design of the new IMM Master Course took off with the support of the Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs in The Hague (EVD). Thereafter, the IMM Master course was launched for the first academic year from 2012-2013 at the Faculty of Economics and Business of Universitas Padjadjaran in Bandung, Indonesia.

Public Health Management in Tanzania

In 2013, LEAD took the initiative to extend the further cooperation with Kanisa La Mennonite Tanzania (KMT) in Musoma, Mara Region of Tanzania, with the aim of the ‘Development of Kisare College of Health Sciences’ in terms of advanced human resources development in public health management and community health (Dr. Musuto M. Chirangi). While the project is currently in progress with the preparation of an 8-weeks Executive Course on Integrated Public Health Management, the related project proposal will be submitted in 2015.

PhD Research Training

PhD studies of LEAD Members, recently completed under the auspices of the LEAD Programme

Anak Agung Gde Agung (2005)

Bali Endangered Paradise? Tri Hita Karana and the Conservation of the Island’s Biocultural Diversity. PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 3 November 2005. Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Program (LEAD) Studies No. 1, Leiden University. xxv + 464 pp. ill.
Promotor: Prof. Dr. L.J. Slikkerveer

Yeshanew Gheneti (2007)

Microcredit Management in Ghana: Development of Co-Operative Credit Unions among the Dagaaba. PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 27 June 2007. Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Program (LEAD) Studies No. 2, Leiden University. xvii + 330 pp. ill.,
Promotor: Prof. Dr. L.J. Slikkerveer

Alfreda Kajira Ibui (2007)

Indigenous Knowledge, Belief and Practice of Wild Plants among the Meru of Kenya. PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 14 November 2007. Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Program (LEAD) Studies No. 3, Leiden University. xxv + 327 pp. IlI.
Promotores: Prof.Dr. L.J. Slikkerveer and Prof.Dr. R.E. Leakey.

Johann Angerler (2009)

Bius, Parbaringin und Paniaran. Über Demokratie und Religion bei den Tobabatak Nordsumatras. PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 18 June 2009, cum laude. Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Program (LEAD) Studies No. 4. xxi + 545 pp. ill. ,
Promotores: Prof.Dr. R. Schefold and Prof.Dr. L.J. Slikkerveer; Co-promotor: Prof.Dr. G.A. Persoon.

Liesbeth Nathalie Leurs (2009)

Medicinal, Aromatic and Cosmetic (MAC) plants for Community Health and Bio-Cultural Diversity Conservation in Bali, Indonesia. PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 13 January 2010. Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Program (LEAD) Studies No. 5, Leiden University. xx + 343 pp. ill.
Promotor: Prof. Dr. L.J. Slikkerveer

Siti Chaerani Djen Amar (2010)

Gunem Catur in the Sunda Region of West Java: Indigenous Communication on the MAC plant Knowledge and Practice within the Arisan in Lembang. PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 19 October 2010. Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Program (LEAD) Studies No. 6, Leiden University. xx + 218 pp. ill.
Promotor: Prof. Dr. L.J. Slikkerveer

Prihatini Ambaretnani (2012)

Paraji and Bidan in Rancaekek: Integrated Medicine for Advanced Partnerships among Traditional Birth Attendants and Community Midwives in the Sunda Area of West Java, Indonesia. PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 7 February 2012. Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Program (LEAD) Studies No. 7, Leiden University. xx + 265 pp. ill.
Promotor: Prof. Dr. L.J. Slikkerveer

Musuto Mutaragara Chirangi (2013)

Afya Jumuishi: Towards Interprofessional Collaboration between Traditional & Modern Medical Practitioners in the Mara Region of Tanzania. PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 17 April 2013. Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Program (LEAD) Studies No. 8, Leiden University. xxvi + 277 pp. ill.
Promotor: Prof. Dr. L.J. Slikkerveer.

Judith Aiglsperger (2014)

Yiatrosofia yia ton Anthropo: Indigenous Knowledge of Medicinal, Aromatic and Cosmetic (MAC) Plants in the Utilisation of the Plural Medical System in Pirgos and Praitoria for Community Health Development in Rural Crete, Greece. PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Leiden,18 November 2014. Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Program (LEAD) Studies No. 9, Leiden University. xxvi + 277 pp. ill.
Promotor: Prof. Dr. L.J. Slikkerveer.