Universiteit Leiden

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PhD project

Understanding coercive dynamics in non-proliferation issues. A structured-focused comparative analysis of Iran, Libya and South Africa

To what extend can coercive diplomacy coerce a State to abandon its controversial nuclear program? Out of three case studies, namely Iran, Libya and South Africa, Jean Yves Ndzana’s PhD research project aims at studying the conducive conditions of coercive diplomacy.

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Jean Ndzana Ndzana

In this regard, Jean Yves hypothesised that coercive diplomacy can compel a State under two main conditions: first when the coercer’s strategy exploits the vulnerabilities of its adversary; Second when the controversial nuclear poses a serious threat to the vital or strategic interests of the coercer. While analysing the conducive conditions of a coercive diplomacy strategy is not new, the added-value of Jean Yves’s research project lies in the synchronised approach of the coercive instruments. Unlike previous research which emphasize on one coercive instrument (either economic sanctions or military air strikes), Jean Yves analysis the cumulative effect provided by the simultaneous use of the different instruments in each of the aforementioned case studies. Such approach is worthy in many regards; From a non unitary actor perspective, it helps to shed an insightful light on the decision-making of the coercee through its response to the coercer. Thanks to the coercee’s compliance or counter-coercion issue, one will be able to identify the domestic constituency that prevailed on the nuclear policy of the target, exposing hence the weak point of the target.

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