Universiteit Leiden

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Fieldwork campaign

Cide Archaeological Project

The Cide Archaeological Project (CAP) aims to explore and investigate the archaeological remains in the coastal Black Sea district of Cide (Kastamonu province, Turkey) using a combination of extensive and intensive archaeological surveying techniques, from the Palaeolithic up to the Ottoman period.

Bleda Düring

At present the archaeology of the Cide district has not been investigated in any way, resulting in a lack of knowledge about this region perhaps best exemplified by the complete absence of sites. In the wider context of the Black Sea littoral, survey work has focused predominantly on classical and post-classical settlement histories and has paid too little attention to episodes of human occupation predating the Hellenistic period. Earlier periods are regularly overlooked. By contrast, in the survey proposed here we want to focus especially on the prehistoric and protohistoric periods.

The pre- and protohistory of the Black Sea is of special interest, because, as far as we know, the Black Sea littoral has always been culturally distinct from mainland Anatolia. This discrete character of the region is in part determined by geographical factors: the steep mountain chains of the Pontus are an impediment for communications with the interior even today. By contrast, the sea would have facilitated transport along the coast as soon as seafaring was taken up. We have two overall themes we would like to explore in the Cide area of the Black Sea littoral. The first theme concerns the local culture historical development of the region. The second is how these local developments were influenced by cultures in mainland Anatolia and other regions surrounding the Black Sea.

Specific questions include: When and how was farming introduced into the region? At what point in time did fishing and coastal trade become important? Is the Early Bronze Age settlement expansion witnessed across Anatolia also present in this area? To what degree was the area involved in the international trade systems of the Middle Bronze Age known from Karum-Kanesh (Kültepe) and other central Anatolian sites? What were the effect of the rise of the Hittite empire on this peripheral region? What happened in this area following its collapse in the Early Iron Age? How was the region affected by Phrygian cultural and political expansion?

We hope to address these issues by doing a three year surface survey that will include both extensive and intensive survey methods. We intend to start with a general exploration of the region to pinpoint areas of interest with respect to our research questions. This will be followed by a stage of detailed, intensive, investigation of relatively small areas of the landscape associated with these points of interest.

CAP is an international collaborative project. Its directors are Dr. Bleda Düring (Leiden University), Dr. Claudia Glatz (Glasgow University), and Tevfik Emre Serifoglu (Canakkale University).


Connection with other research

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